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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Zirconium vs Lutetium

Compare Zirconium and Lutetium

Compare Zirconium and Lutetium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Zirconium vs Lutetium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Zr vs Lu on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Zirconium
40
Zr
91.224
Solid
Silver
transition metal
4
titanium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d2 5s2
1855 °C
4409 °C
2, 8, 18, 10, 2
CAS7440-67-7
Neighborhood Elements of Zirconium
Lutetium
71
Lu
174.967
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
3
scandium family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d1 6s2
1663 °C
3402 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 9, 2
CAS7439-94-3
Neighborhood Elements of Lutetium

History

History
The element Zirconium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in year 1789 in Germany. Zirconium derived its name from from Persian Zargun, 'gold-colored'; German Zirkoon, 'jargoon'
The element Lutetium was discovered by Georges Urbain in year 1907 in France and Germany. Lutetium derived its name derived its name from from Lutetia, the Latin name for Paris

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
5×10-6%
4×10-6%
6.6e-06
0.00013
2.6×10-9%
5×10-6%
1×10-8%
1×10-7%
2.9×10-6%
5.6e-07
1.5×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

206 pm
14.010751036707 cm3
148 pm
N/A
0.184
zirconium Spectrum
323.2, 323.2, 514.7 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

zirconium Crystal Structure
217 pm
17.779392338177 cm3
160 pm
N/A
84
lutetium Spectrum
350.31, 350.31, 555.09 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

lutetium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
40
40
40
91.224
51.224
2, 8, 18, 10, 2
[Kr] 4d2 5s2
4d2 5s2
-2  1;2;3;4
3F2
zirconium Shells
71
71
71
174.967
103.967
2, 8, 18, 32, 9, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d1 6s2
5d1 6s2
 2;3
2D3/2
lutetium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
90Zr, 91Zr, 92Zr, 94Zr.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
175Lu.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.33
41.1 kJ/mol
640.1, 1270, 2218, 3313, 7752, 9.5×103 kJ/mol
3
1.27
50 kJ/mol
523.5, 1340, 2022.3, 4370, 6445 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

6.511 g/cm3
14.010751036707

 

68 GPa
33 GPa
N/A
0.34


 

5 MPa
903 MPa
650 MPa

 

2.4×106 S/m
4.2×10-7 m Ω
0.61

 

23 W/(m K)
5.7×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.68×10-8
1.53×10-9
0.000109

 

N/A

 

3.8×103 m/s
9.841 g/cm3
17.779392338177

 

69 GPa
27 GPa
48 GPa
0.26


 

N/A
1160 MPa
893 MPa

 

1.8×106 S/m
5.6×10-7 m Ω
0.1

 

16 W/(m K)
9.9×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.2×10-9
2.1×10-10
1.18e-05

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1855 °C
4409 °C
N/A
0.61

 

21 kJ/mol
580 kJ/mol
N/A
1663 °C
3402 °C
N/A
0.1

 

22 kJ/mol
415 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-67-7
N/A
4.2
2008
N/A
1
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-94-3
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A