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Ds Darmstadtium
Element Information, Facts, Properties, Trends, Uses, Comparison with other elements

110
Ds
Darmstadtium
Element 110 of Periodic table is Darmstadtium with atomic number 110, atomic weight 281. Darmstadtium, symbol Ds, has a Body Centered Cubic structure and color. Darmstadtium is a Transition Metal element. It is part of group 10 (nickel family). Know everything about Darmstadtium Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
110 Ds - Darmstadtium | SchoolMyKids

Darmstadtium is a chemical element with symbol Ds and atomic number 110. It is an extremely radioactive synthetic element. The most stable known isotope, darmstadtium-281, has a half-life of approximately 10 seconds.

It belongs to group 10 of the periodic table having trivial name .

Darmstadtium Facts

Read key information and facts about element Darmstadtium

NameDarmstadtium
Atomic Number110
Atomic SymbolDs
Atomic Weight281
PhaseSolid
Color-
Appearance-
ClassificationTransition Metal
Group in Periodic Table10
Group Namenickel family
Period in Periodic Tableperiod 7
Block in Periodic Tabled -block
Electronic Configuration[Rn] 5f14 6d9 7s1
Electronic Shell Structure (Electrons per shell)2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 16, 2
Melting Point-
Boiling Point-
CAS NumberCAS54083-77-1
Neighborhood Elements
123456789101112131415161718
1
1
H
Hydrogen
1.008

Atomic #

Electronic Shell #

Symbol
Name
Atomic Weight
HGas
HgLiquid
CSolid
Metals
Metalloids
NonMetals
Alkali metals
Alkali earth metals
Lanthanoids
Transition metals
Post-transition metals
Other nonmetals
Halogens
Nobel gas
Actinoids
2
He
Helium
4.003
2
3
Li
Lithium
6.941
4
Be
Beryllium
9.012
5
B
Boron
10.811
6
C
Carbon
12.011
7
N
Nitrogen
14.007
8
O
Oxygen
15.999
9
F
Fluorine
18.998
10
Ne
Neon
20.180
3
11
Na
Sodium
22.990
12
Mg
Magnesium
24.305
13
Al
Aluminium
26.982
14
Si
Silicon
28.085
15
P
Phosphorus
30.974
16
S
Sulfur
32.065
17
Cl
Chlorine
35.453
18
Ar
Argon
39.948
4
19
K
Potassium
39.098
20
Ca
Calcium
40.078
21
Sc
Scandium
44.956
22
Ti
Titanium
47.867
23
V
Vanadium
50.941
24
Cr
Chromium
51.996
25
Mn
Manganese
54.938
26
Fe
Iron
55.845
27
Co
Cobalt
58.933
28
Ni
Nickel
58.693
29
Cu
Copper
63.546
30
Zn
Zinc
65.409
31
Ga
Gallium
69.723
32
Ge
Germanium
72.640
33
As
Arsenic
74.922
34
Se
Selenium
78.960
35
Br
Bromine
79.904
36
Kr
Krypton
83.798
5
37
Rb
Rubidium
85.468
38
Sr
Strontium
87.620
39
Y
Yttrium
88.906
40
Zr
Zirconium
91.224
41
Nb
Niobium
92.906
42
Mo
Molybdenum
95.940
43
Tc
Technetium
98
44
Ru
Ruthenium
101.070
45
Rh
Rhodium
102.906
46
Pd
Palladium
106.420
47
Ag
Silver
107.868
48
Cd
Cadmium
112.411
49
In
Indium
114.818
50
Sn
Tin
118.710
51
Sb
Antimony
121.760
52
Te
Tellurium
127.600
53
I
Iodine
126.904
54
Xe
Xenon
131.293
6
55
Cs
Cesium
132.905
56
Ba
Barium
137.327
57 - 71
La - Lu
Lanthanides
72
Hf
Hafnium
178.490
73
Ta
Tantalum
180.948
74
W
Tungsten
183.840
75
Re
Rhenium
186.207
76
Os
Osmium
190.230
77
Ir
Iridium
192.217
78
Pt
Platinum
195.078
79
Au
Gold
196.967
80
Hg
Mercury
200.590
81
Tl
Thallium
204.383
82
Pb
Lead
207.200
83
Bi
Bismuth
208.980
84
Po
Polonium
209
85
At
Astatine
210
86
Rn
Radon
222
7
87
Fr
Francium
223
88
Ra
Radium
226
89 - 103
Ac - Lr
Actinides
104
Rf
Rutherfordium
261
105
Db
Dubnium
262
106
Sg
Seaborgium
266
107
Bh
Bohrium
264
108
Hs
Hassium
277
109
Mt
Meitnerium
268
110
Ds
Darmstadtium
281
111
Rg
Roentgenium
272
112
Cn
Copernicium
285
113
Nh
Nihonium
284
114
Fl
Flerovium
289
115
Mc
Moscovium
288
116
Lv
Livermorium
292
117
Ts
Tennessine
294
118
Og
Oganesson
294
Lanthanides
57
La
Lanthanum
138.905
58
Ce
Cerium
140.116
59
Pr
Praseodymium
140.908
60
Nd
Neodymium
144.240
61
Pm
Promethium
145
62
Sm
Samarium
150.360
63
Eu
Europium
151.964
64
Gd
Gadolinium
157.250
65
Tb
Terbium
158.925
66
Dy
Dysprosium
162.500
67
Ho
Holmium
164.930
68
Er
Erbium
167.259
69
Tm
Thulium
168.934
70
Yb
Ytterbium
173.040
71
Lu
Lutetium
174.967
Actinides
89
Ac
Actinium
227
90
Th
Thorium
232.038
91
Pa
Protactinium
231.036
92
U
Uranium
238.029
93
Np
Neptunium
237
94
Pu
Plutonium
244
95
Am
Americium
243
96
Cm
Curium
247
97
Bk
Berkelium
247
98
Cf
Californium
251
99
Es
Einsteinium
252
100
Fm
Fermium
257
101
Md
Mendelevium
258
102
No
Nobelium
259
103
Lr
Lawrencium
262

How to Locate Darmstadtium on Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of electrons. The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number 110 to find Darmstadtium on periodic table.

Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To locate Darmstadtium on periodic table look for cross section of group 10 and period 7 in the modern periodic table.

Darmstadtium History

The element Darmstadtium was discovered by S. Hofmannet al.(GSI in Darmstadt) in year 1995 in Germany. Darmstadtium was first isolated by in . Darmstadtium derived its name from Darmstadt, Germany, where the element was first synthesized.

Prepared by bombardment of lead with nickel.

Darmstadtium Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the abundance of Darmstadtium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

 ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)ppb by atoms (1ppb =10^-7 %)
Abundance in Universe--
Abundance in Sun--
Abundance in Meteorites--
Abundance in Earth's Crust--
Abundance in Oceans--
Abundance in Humans--

Crystal Structure of Darmstadtium

The solid state structure of Darmstadtium is Body Centered Cubic.

The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in three dimensional space to form the structure.

Unit Cell Parameters

The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

abc

and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).

alphabetagamma

The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.

Space Group Name- 110 Ds Darmstadtium - Crystal Structure | SchoolMyKids
Oxidation StatesSpace Group Number-
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic

Darmstadtium Atomic and Orbital Properties

Darmstadtium atoms have 110 electrons and the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 16, 2] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3D3.

Atomic Number110
Number of Electrons (with no charge)110
Number of Protons110
Mass Number281
Number of Neutrons171
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 16, 2
Electron Configuration[Rn] 5f14 6d9 7s1
Valence Electrons6d9 7s1
Valence (Valency)-
Main Oxidation States-
Oxidation States
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)3D3

Bohr Atomic Model of Darmstadtium - Electrons per energy level

110 Ds Darmstadtium - Electron Shell Structure | SchoolMyKids
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Ground State Electronic Configuration of Darmstadtium - neutral Darmstadtium atom

Abbreviated electronic configuration of Darmstadtium

The ground state abbreviated electronic configuration of Neutral Darmstadtium atom is [Rn] 5f14 6d9 7s1. The portion of Darmstadtium configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Rn]. For atoms with many electrons, this notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used. This is important as it is the Valence electrons 6d9 7s1, electrons in the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.

Unabbreviated electronic configuration of neutral Darmstadtium

Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Darmstadtium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p6 5f14 6d9 7s1

Electrons are filled in atomic orbitals as per the order determined by the Aufbau principle, Pauli Exclusion Principle and Hund’s Rule.

  • As per the Aufbau principle the electrons will occupy the orbitals having lower energies before occupying higher energy orbitals. According to this principle, electrons are filled in the following order: 1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 4s, 3d, 4p, 5s, 4d, 5p, 6s, 4f, 5d, 6p, 7s, 5f, 6d, 7p…
  • The Pauli exclusion principle states that a maximum of two electrons, each having opposite spins, can fit in an orbital.
  • Hund's rule states that every orbital in a given subshell is singly occupied by electrons before a second electron is filled in an orbital.
  • Electron configuration of Darmstadtium
    Atomic Structure of Darmstadtium

    Darmstadtium atomic radius is - , while it's covalent radius is - .

    Atomic Radius Calculated

    - (0 Å)

    Atomic Radius Empirical

    - (0 Å)

    Atomic Volume-
    Covalent Radius-
    Van der Waals Radius-
    Neutron Cross Section-
    Neutron Mass Absorption -

    Atomic Spectrum of Darmstadtium

    Atomic Spectrum of Darmstadtium | SchoolMyKids

    Darmstadtium Chemical Properties: Darmstadtium Ionization Energies and electron affinity

    The electron affinity of Darmstadtium is - .

    Valence-
    Electronegativity-
    ElectronAffinity-

    Ionization Energy of Darmstadtium

    Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Darmstadtium

    Ionization energy numberEnthalpy - kJ/mol

    Darmstadtium Physical Properties

    Refer to below table for Darmstadtium Physical Properties

    Density-
    Molar Volume-

    Elastic Properties

    Young Modulus-
    Shear Modulus-
    Bulk Modulus -
    Poisson Ratio-

    Hardness of Darmstadtium - Tests to Measure of Hardness of Element

    Mohs Hardness-
    Vickers Hardness-
    Brinell Hardness-

    Darmstadtium Electrical Properties

    Darmstadtium is Conductor of electricity. Refer to table below for the Electrical properties ofDarmstadtium

    Electrical Conductivity-
    Resistivity-
    Superconducting Point-

    Darmstadtium Heat and Conduction Properties

    Thermal Conductivity-
    Thermal Expansion-

    Darmstadtium Magnetic Properties

    Magnetic Type-
    Curie Point-
    Mass Magnetic Susceptibility-
    Molar Magnetic Susceptibility-
    Volume Magnetic Susceptibility-

    Optical Properties of Darmstadtium

    Refractive Index-

    Acoustic Properties of Darmstadtium

    Speed of Sound-

    Darmstadtium Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

    Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Darmstadtium

    Melting Point- (-273.15°C, -459.66999999999996 °F)
    Boiling Point- (-273.15°C, -459.66999999999996 °F)
    Critical Temperature-
    Superconducting Point-

    Enthalpies of Darmstadtium

    Heat of Fusion-
    Heat of Vaporization-
    Heat of Combustion-

    Darmstadtium Isotopes - Nuclear Properties of Darmstadtium

    Darmstadtium has 15 isotopes, with between 267 and 281 nucleons. Darmstadtium has 0 stable naturally occuring isotopes.

    Isotopes of Darmstadtium - Naturally occurring stable Isotopes: -.

    IsotopeZNIsotope Mass% AbundanceT halfDecay Mode
    267Ds110157267Synthetic
    268Ds110158268Synthetic
    269Ds110159269Synthetic
    270Ds110160270Synthetic
    271Ds110161271Synthetic
    272Ds110162272Synthetic
    273Ds110163273Synthetic
    274Ds110164274Synthetic
    275Ds110165275Synthetic
    276Ds110166276Synthetic
    277Ds110167277Synthetic
    278Ds110168278Synthetic
    279Ds110169279Synthetic
    280Ds110170280Synthetic
    281Ds110171281Synthetic4 mAlphaEmission

    Database Search

    List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases

    DatabaseIdentifier number
    CAS Number - Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS)CAS54083-77-1
    RTECS Number-
    CID Number -
    Gmelin Number-
    NSC Number-

    Compare Darmstadtium with other elements

    Compare Darmstadtium with all Group 10 elements

    Compare Darmstadtium with all Period 7 elements

    Compare Darmstadtium with all Transition Metal elements