Element Information, Facts, Properties, Trends, Uses, Comparison with other elements
Darmstadtium is a chemical element with symbol Ds and atomic number 110. It is an extremely radioactive synthetic element. The most stable known isotope, darmstadtium-281, has a half-life of approximately 10 seconds.
It belongs to group 10 of the periodic table having trivial name .
Read key information and facts about element Darmstadtium
|Group in Periodic Table||10|
|Group Name||nickel family|
|Period in Periodic Table||period 7|
|Block in Periodic Table||d -block|
|Electronic Configuration||[Rn] 5f14 6d9 7s1|
|Electronic Shell Structure (Electrons per shell)||2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 16, 2|
How to Locate Darmstadtium on Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of electrons. The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number 110 to find Darmstadtium on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To locate Darmstadtium on periodic table look for cross section of group 10 and period 7 in the modern periodic table.
The element Darmstadtium was discovered by S. Hofmannet al.(GSI in Darmstadt) in year 1995 in Germany. Darmstadtium was first isolated by in . Darmstadtium derived its name from Darmstadt, Germany, where the element was first synthesized.
Prepared by bombardment of lead with nickel.
Darmstadtium Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us
The table below shows the abundance of Darmstadtium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
|ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)||ppb by atoms (1ppb =10^-7 %)|
|Abundance in Universe||-||-|
|Abundance in Sun||-||-|
|Abundance in Meteorites||-||-|
|Abundance in Earth's Crust||-||-|
|Abundance in Oceans||-||-|
|Abundance in Humans||-||-|
Crystal Structure of Darmstadtium
The solid state structure of Darmstadtium is Body Centered Cubic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in three dimensional space to form the structure.
Unit Cell Parameters
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
|Space Group Name||-|
|Oxidation States||Space Group Number||-|
|Crystal Structure||Body Centered Cubic|
Darmstadtium Atomic and Orbital Properties
Darmstadtium atoms have 110 electrons and the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 16, 2] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3D3.
|Number of Electrons (with no charge)||110|
|Number of Protons||110|
|Number of Neutrons||171|
|Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)||2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 16, 2|
|Electron Configuration||[Rn] 5f14 6d9 7s1|
|Valence Electrons||6d9 7s1|
|Main Oxidation States||-|
|Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||3D3|
Bohr Atomic Model of Darmstadtium - Electrons per energy level
Ground State Electronic Configuration of Darmstadtium - neutral Darmstadtium atom
Abbreviated electronic configuration of Darmstadtium
The ground state abbreviated electronic configuration of Neutral Darmstadtium atom is [Rn] 5f14 6d9 7s1. The portion of Darmstadtium configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Rn]. For atoms with many electrons, this notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used. This is important as it is the Valence electrons 6d9 7s1, electrons in the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Unabbreviated electronic configuration of neutral Darmstadtium
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Darmstadtium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p6 5f14 6d9 7s1
Electrons are filled in atomic orbitals as per the order determined by the Aufbau principle, Pauli Exclusion Principle and Hund’s Rule.
Atomic Structure of Darmstadtium
Darmstadtium atomic radius is - , while it's covalent radius is - .
|Atomic Radius Calculated|
- (0 Å)
|Atomic Radius Empirical|
- (0 Å)
|Van der Waals Radius||-|
|Neutron Cross Section||-|
|Neutron Mass Absorption||-|
Atomic Spectrum of Darmstadtium
Darmstadtium Chemical Properties: Darmstadtium Ionization Energies and electron affinity
The electron affinity of Darmstadtium is - .
Ionization Energy of Darmstadtium
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Darmstadtium
|Ionization energy number||Enthalpy - kJ/mol|
Darmstadtium Physical Properties
Refer to below table for Darmstadtium Physical Properties
Hardness of Darmstadtium - Tests to Measure of Hardness of Element
Darmstadtium Electrical Properties
Darmstadtium is Conductor of electricity. Refer to table below for the Electrical properties ofDarmstadtium
Darmstadtium Heat and Conduction Properties
Darmstadtium Magnetic Properties
|Mass Magnetic Susceptibility||-|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||-|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||-|
Optical Properties of Darmstadtium
Acoustic Properties of Darmstadtium
|Speed of Sound||-|
Darmstadtium Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Darmstadtium
|Melting Point||- (-273.15°C, -459.66999999999996 °F)|
|Boiling Point||- (-273.15°C, -459.66999999999996 °F)|
Enthalpies of Darmstadtium
|Heat of Fusion||-|
|Heat of Vaporization||-|
|Heat of Combustion||-|
Darmstadtium Isotopes - Nuclear Properties of Darmstadtium
Darmstadtium has 15 isotopes, with between 267 and 281 nucleons. Darmstadtium has 0 stable naturally occuring isotopes.
Isotopes of Darmstadtium - Naturally occurring stable Isotopes: -.
|Isotope||Z||N||Isotope Mass||% Abundance||T half||Decay Mode|