Element Information, Facts, Properties, Trends, Uses, Comparison with other elements
Ooganesson is IUPAC's name for the transactinide element with the atomic number 118 and element symbol Og. It is also known as eka-radon or element 118, and on the periodic table of the elements it is a p-block element and the last one of the 7th period. Oganesson is currently the only synthetic member of group 18.
It belongs to group 18 of the periodic table having trivial name noble gases, aerogens.
Read key information and facts about element Oganesson
|Group in Periodic Table||18|
|Group Name||helium family or neon family|
|Period in Periodic Table||period 7|
|Block in Periodic Table||p -block|
|Electronic Configuration||[Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p6|
|Electronic Shell Structure (Electrons per shell)||2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 8|
How to Locate Oganesson on Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of electrons. The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number 118 to find Oganesson on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To locate Oganesson on periodic table look for cross section of group 18 and period 7 in the modern periodic table.
The element Oganesson was discovered by Yuri Tsolakovich Oganessian in year 2006 in Russia and United States. Oganesson was first isolated by in . Oganesson derived its name from Yuri Oganessian, physicist.
Prepared by bombardment of californium with calcium
Oganesson Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us
The table below shows the abundance of Oganesson in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
|ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)||ppb by atoms (1ppb =10^-7 %)|
|Abundance in Universe||-||-|
|Abundance in Sun||-||-|
|Abundance in Meteorites||-||-|
|Abundance in Earth's Crust||-||-|
|Abundance in Oceans||-||-|
|Abundance in Humans||-||-|
Crystal Structure of Oganesson
The solid state structure of Oganesson is Face Centered Cubic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in three dimensional space to form the structure.
Unit Cell Parameters
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
|Space Group Name||-|
|Oxidation States||Space Group Number||-|
|Crystal Structure||Face Centered Cubic|
Oganesson Atomic and Orbital Properties
Oganesson atoms have 118 electrons and the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 8] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.
|Number of Electrons (with no charge)||118|
|Number of Protons||118|
|Number of Neutrons||176|
|Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)||2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 8|
|Electron Configuration||[Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p6|
|Valence Electrons||7s2 7p6|
|Main Oxidation States||-|
|Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||1S0|
Bohr Atomic Model of Oganesson - Electrons per energy level
Ground State Electronic Configuration of Oganesson - neutral Oganesson atom
Abbreviated electronic configuration of Oganesson
The ground state abbreviated electronic configuration of Neutral Oganesson atom is [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p6. The portion of Oganesson configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Rn]. For atoms with many electrons, this notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used. This is important as it is the Valence electrons 7s2 7p6, electrons in the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Unabbreviated electronic configuration of neutral Oganesson
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Oganesson atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p6 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p6
Electrons are filled in atomic orbitals as per the order determined by the Aufbau principle, Pauli Exclusion Principle and Hund’s Rule.
Atomic Structure of Oganesson
Oganesson atomic radius is - , while it's covalent radius is - .
|Atomic Radius Calculated|
- (0 Å)
|Atomic Radius Empirical|
- (0 Å)
|Van der Waals Radius||-|
|Neutron Cross Section||-|
|Neutron Mass Absorption||-|
Atomic Spectrum of Oganesson
Oganesson Chemical Properties: Oganesson Ionization Energies and electron affinity
The electron affinity of Oganesson is - .
Ionization Energy of Oganesson
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Oganesson
|Ionization energy number||Enthalpy - kJ/mol|
Oganesson Physical Properties
Refer to below table for Oganesson Physical Properties
Hardness of Oganesson - Tests to Measure of Hardness of Element
Oganesson Electrical Properties
Oganesson is Conductor of electricity. Refer to table below for the Electrical properties ofOganesson
Oganesson Heat and Conduction Properties
Oganesson Magnetic Properties
|Mass Magnetic Susceptibility||-|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||-|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||-|
Optical Properties of Oganesson
Acoustic Properties of Oganesson
|Speed of Sound||-|
Oganesson Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Oganesson
|Melting Point||- (-273.15°C, -459.66999999999996 °F)|
|Boiling Point||- (-273.15°C, -459.66999999999996 °F)|
Enthalpies of Oganesson
|Heat of Fusion||-|
|Heat of Vaporization||-|
|Heat of Combustion||-|
Oganesson Isotopes - Nuclear Properties of Oganesson
Oganesson has 1 isotopes, with between 293 and 293 nucleons. Oganesson has 0 stable naturally occuring isotopes.
Isotopes of Oganesson - Naturally occurring stable Isotopes: -.
|Isotope||Z||N||Isotope Mass||% Abundance||T half||Decay Mode|