Element Information, Facts, Properties, Trends, Uses, Comparison with other elements
Flerovium is a superheavy artificial chemical element with symbol Fl and atomic number 114. It is an extremely radioactive synthetic element. The element is named after the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia, where the element was discovered in 1998.
It belongs to group 14 of the periodic table having trivial name tetrels, crystallogens. It got its trivial name from tetrels from Greek tetra (four, IV).
Read key information and facts about element Flerovium
|Classification||Post Transition Metal|
|Group in Periodic Table||14|
|Group Name||carbon family|
|Period in Periodic Table||period 7|
|Block in Periodic Table||p -block|
|Electronic Configuration||[Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p2|
|Electronic Shell Structure (Electrons per shell)||2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 4|
How to Locate Flerovium on Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of electrons. The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number 114 to find Flerovium on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To locate Flerovium on periodic table look for cross section of group 14 and period 7 in the modern periodic table.
The element Flerovium was discovered by Yuri Oganessian et al.(JINRinDubna) in year 2004 in Russia. Flerovium was first isolated by in . Flerovium derived its name from Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, part of JINR where the element was synthesized; itself named for Georgy Flyorov, physicist.
Prepared by bombardment of plutonium with calcium
Flerovium Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us
The table below shows the abundance of Flerovium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
|ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)||ppb by atoms (1ppb =10^-7 %)|
|Abundance in Universe||-||-|
|Abundance in Sun||-||-|
|Abundance in Meteorites||-||-|
|Abundance in Earth's Crust||-||-|
|Abundance in Oceans||-||-|
|Abundance in Humans||-||-|
Crystal Structure of Flerovium
The solid state structure of Flerovium is Face Centered Cubic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in three dimensional space to form the structure.
Unit Cell Parameters
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
|Space Group Name||-|
|Oxidation States||Space Group Number||-|
|Crystal Structure||Face Centered Cubic|
Flerovium Atomic and Orbital Properties
Flerovium atoms have 114 electrons and the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 4] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P0.
|Number of Electrons (with no charge)||114|
|Number of Protons||114|
|Number of Neutrons||175|
|Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)||2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 4|
|Electron Configuration||[Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p2|
|Valence Electrons||7s2 7p2|
|Main Oxidation States||-|
|Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||3P0|
Bohr Atomic Model of Flerovium - Electrons per energy level
Ground State Electronic Configuration of Flerovium - neutral Flerovium atom
Abbreviated electronic configuration of Flerovium
The ground state abbreviated electronic configuration of Neutral Flerovium atom is [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p2. The portion of Flerovium configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Rn]. For atoms with many electrons, this notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used. This is important as it is the Valence electrons 7s2 7p2, electrons in the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Unabbreviated electronic configuration of neutral Flerovium
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Flerovium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p6 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p2
Electrons are filled in atomic orbitals as per the order determined by the Aufbau principle, Pauli Exclusion Principle and Hund’s Rule.
Atomic Structure of Flerovium
Flerovium atomic radius is - , while it's covalent radius is - .
|Atomic Radius Calculated|
- (0 Å)
|Atomic Radius Empirical|
- (0 Å)
|Van der Waals Radius||-|
|Neutron Cross Section||-|
|Neutron Mass Absorption||-|
Atomic Spectrum of Flerovium
Flerovium Chemical Properties: Flerovium Ionization Energies and electron affinity
The electron affinity of Flerovium is - .
Ionization Energy of Flerovium
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Flerovium
|Ionization energy number||Enthalpy - kJ/mol|
Flerovium Physical Properties
Refer to below table for Flerovium Physical Properties
Hardness of Flerovium - Tests to Measure of Hardness of Element
Flerovium Electrical Properties
Flerovium is Conductor of electricity. Refer to table below for the Electrical properties ofFlerovium
Flerovium Heat and Conduction Properties
Flerovium Magnetic Properties
|Mass Magnetic Susceptibility||-|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||-|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||-|
Optical Properties of Flerovium
Acoustic Properties of Flerovium
|Speed of Sound||-|
Flerovium Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Flerovium
|Melting Point||- (-273.15°C, -459.66999999999996 °F)|
|Boiling Point||- (-273.15°C, -459.66999999999996 °F)|
Enthalpies of Flerovium
|Heat of Fusion||-|
|Heat of Vaporization||-|
|Heat of Combustion||-|
Flerovium Isotopes - Nuclear Properties of Flerovium
Flerovium has 5 isotopes, with between 285 and 289 nucleons. Flerovium has 0 stable naturally occuring isotopes.
Isotopes of Flerovium - Naturally occurring stable Isotopes: -.
|Isotope||Z||N||Isotope Mass||% Abundance||T half||Decay Mode|