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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Zirconium vs Erbium

Compare Zirconium and Erbium

Compare Zirconium and Erbium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Zirconium vs Erbium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Zr vs Er on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Zirconium
40
Zr
91.224
Solid
Silver
transition metal
4
titanium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d2 5s2
1855 °C
4409 °C
2, 8, 18, 10, 2
CAS7440-67-7
Neighborhood Elements of Zirconium
Erbium
68
Er
167.259
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f12 6s2
1497 °C
2868 °C
2, 8, 18, 30, 8, 2
CAS7440-52-0
Neighborhood Elements of Erbium

History

History
The element Zirconium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in year 1789 in Germany. Zirconium derived its name from from Persian Zargun, 'gold-colored'; German Zirkoon, 'jargoon'
The element Erbium was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander in year 1842 in Sweden. Erbium derived its name derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
5×10-6%
4×10-6%
6.6e-06
0.00013
2.6×10-9%
5×10-6%
2×10-7%
1×10-7%
1.8e-07
3e-06
9×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

206 pm
14.010751036707 cm3
148 pm
N/A
0.184
zirconium Spectrum
323.2, 323.2, 514.7 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

zirconium Crystal Structure
226 pm
18.449040370615 cm3
N/A
N/A
165
erbium Spectrum
355.88, 355.88, 558.74 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

erbium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
40
40
40
91.224
51.224
2, 8, 18, 10, 2
[Kr] 4d2 5s2
4d2 5s2
-2  1;2;3;4
3F2
zirconium Shells
68
68
68
167.259
99.259
2, 8, 18, 30, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f12 6s2
4f12 6s2
 2;3
3H6
erbium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
90Zr, 91Zr, 92Zr, 94Zr.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
162Er, 164Er, 166Er, 167Er, 168Er, 170Er.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.33
41.1 kJ/mol
640.1, 1270, 2218, 3313, 7752, 9.5×103 kJ/mol
3
1.24
50 kJ/mol
589.3, 1150, 2194, 4120 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

6.511 g/cm3
14.010751036707

 

68 GPa
33 GPa
N/A
0.34


 

5 MPa
903 MPa
650 MPa

 

2.4×106 S/m
4.2×10-7 m Ω
0.61

 

23 W/(m K)
5.7×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.68×10-8
1.53×10-9
0.000109

 

N/A

 

3.8×103 m/s
9.066 g/cm3
18.449040370615

 

70 GPa
28 GPa
44 GPa
0.24


 

N/A
589 MPa
814 MPa

 

1.2×106 S/m
8.6×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

15 W/(m K)
0.0000122 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
32 K
3.77×10-6
6.30566×10-7
0.0341788

 

N/A

 

2830 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1855 °C
4409 °C
N/A
0.61

 

21 kJ/mol
580 kJ/mol
N/A
1497 °C
2868 °C
N/A
N/A

 

19.9 kJ/mol
285 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-67-7
N/A
4.2
2008
N/A
1
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-52-0
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A