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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Silver vs Gold

Compare Silver and Gold

Compare Silver and Gold on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Silver vs Gold with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ag vs Au on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Silver
47
Ag
107.8682
Solid
Silver
transition metal
11
copper family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
961.78 °C
2162 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 1
CAS7440-22-4
Neighborhood Elements of Silver
Gold
79
Au
196.96655
Solid
Gold
transition metal
11
copper family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
1064.18 °C
2856 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
CAS7440-57-5
Neighborhood Elements of Gold

History

History
The element Silver was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Silver derived its name from from English word (argentum in Latin)
The element Gold was discovered by Middle East in year 2500 BC in unknown place. Gold derived its name derived its name from from English word (aurum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.4e-07
7.9×10-6%
1×10-8%
N/A
6×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.7e-07
3.1×10-7%
5×10-9%
1e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

165 pm
10.282955195424 cm3
153 pm
172 pm
63.6
silver Spectrum
408.53, 408.53, 408.53 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

silver Crystal Structure
174 pm
10.205520725389 cm3
144 pm
166 pm
98.7
gold Spectrum
407.82, 407.82, 407.82 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

gold Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
47
47
47
107.8682
60.8682
2, 8, 18, 18, 1
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
4d10 5s1
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
2S1/2
silver Shells
79
79
79
196.96655
117.96655
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
5d10 6s1
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;5
2S1/2
gold Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
107Ag, 109Ag.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
197Au.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
1.93
125.6 kJ/mol
731, 2070, 3361 kJ/mol
5
2.54
222.8 kJ/mol
890.1, 1980 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

10.49 g/cm3
10.282955195424

 

83 GPa
30 GPa
100 GPa
0.37


 

2.5 MPa
251 MPa
24.5 MPa

 

6.2×107 S/m
1.6×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

430 W/(m K)
0.0000189 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.27×10-9
-2.45×10-10
-2.38e-05

 

N/A

 

2.6×103 m/s
19.3 g/cm3
10.205520725389

 

78 GPa
27 GPa
220 GPa
0.44


 

2.5 MPa
216 MPa
2450 MPa

 

4.5×107 S/m
2.2×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

320 W/(m K)
0.0000142 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.78×10-9
-3.51×10-10
-3.44e-05

 

N/A

 

1740 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

961.78 °C
2162 °C
N/A
N/A

 

11.3 kJ/mol
255 kJ/mol
N/A
1064.18 °C
2856 °C
N/A
N/A

 

12.5 kJ/mol
330 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-22-4
RTECSVW3500000
N/A
N/A
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-57-5
RTECSMD5070000
N/A
N/A
N/A
0
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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