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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Phosphorus vs Zirconium

Compare Phosphorus and Zirconium

Compare Phosphorus and Zirconium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Phosphorus vs Zirconium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare P vs Zr on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Phosphorus
15
P
30.973761
Solid
Colorless
other nonmetal
15
nitrogen family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
44.2 °C
280.5 °C
2, 8, 5
CAS7723-14-0
Neighborhood Elements of Phosphorus
Zirconium
40
Zr
91.224
Solid
Silver
transition metal
4
titanium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d2 5s2
1855 °C
4409 °C
2, 8, 18, 10, 2
CAS7440-67-7
Neighborhood Elements of Zirconium

History

History
The element Phosphorus was discovered by Hennig Brand in year 1669 in Germany. Phosphorus derived its name from from the Greek word phoosphoros, 'carrying light'
The element Zirconium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in year 1789 in Germany. Zirconium derived its name derived its name from from Persian Zargun, 'gold-colored'; German Zirkoon, 'jargoon'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
7e-06
7e-06
0.0011
0.00099
7×10-6%
0.011
5×10-6%
4×10-6%
6.6e-06
0.00013
2.6×10-9%
5×10-6%

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

98 pm
16.990543609435 cm3
106 pm
180 pm
0.18
phosphorus Spectrum
1145, 550.3, 1126.1 pm
1.25384, 1.57725, 1.24896
P-1
2

Simple Triclinic

phosphorus Crystal Structure
206 pm
14.010751036707 cm3
148 pm
N/A
0.184
zirconium Spectrum
323.2, 323.2, 514.7 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

zirconium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
15
15
15
30.973761
15.973761
2, 8, 5
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
3s2 3p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
phosphorus Shells
40
40
40
91.224
51.224
2, 8, 18, 10, 2
[Kr] 4d2 5s2
4d2 5s2
-2  1;2;3;4
3F2
zirconium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
31P.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
90Zr, 91Zr, 92Zr, 94Zr.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.19
72 kJ/mol
1011.8, 1907, 2914.1, 4963.6, 6273.9, 21267, 25431, 29872, 35905, 40950 kJ/mol
4
1.33
41.1 kJ/mol
640.1, 1270, 2218, 3313, 7752, 9.5×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.823 g/cm3
16.990543609435

 

N/A
N/A
11 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×107 S/m
1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

0.236 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.13×10-8
-3.5×10-10
-2.06e-05

 

1.001212

 

N/A
6.511 g/cm3
14.010751036707

 

68 GPa
33 GPa
N/A
0.34


 

5 MPa
903 MPa
650 MPa

 

2.4×106 S/m
4.2×10-7 m Ω
0.61

 

23 W/(m K)
5.7×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.68×10-8
1.53×10-9
0.000109

 

N/A

 

3.8×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

44.2 °C
280.5 °C
N/A
N/A

 

0.64 kJ/mol
12.4 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
1855 °C
4409 °C
N/A
0.61

 

21 kJ/mol
580 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7723-14-0
{N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A}
{N/A, 4.1, 4.2, N/A}
"N/A", {1338}, {1381, 2447}, "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 0, 4, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, 4, N/A}
{N/A, 2, 2, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-67-7
N/A
4.2
2008
N/A
1
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A