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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Palladium vs Molybdenum

Compare Palladium and Molybdenum

Compare Palladium and Molybdenum on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Palladium vs Molybdenum with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Pd vs Mo on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

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1
1
H
Hydrogen
1.008

Atomic #

Electronic Shell #

Symbol
Name
Atomic Weight
HGas
HgLiquid
CSolid
Metals
Metalloids
NonMetals
Alkali metals
Alkali earth metals
Lanthanoids
Transition metals
Post-transition metals
Other nonmetals
Halogens
Nobel gas
Actinoids
2
He
Helium
4.003
2
3
Li
Lithium
6.941
4
Be
Beryllium
9.012
5
B
Boron
10.811
6
C
Carbon
12.011
7
N
Nitrogen
14.007
8
O
Oxygen
15.999
9
F
Fluorine
18.998
10
Ne
Neon
20.180
3
11
Na
Sodium
22.990
12
Mg
Magnesium
24.305
13
Al
Aluminium
26.982
14
Si
Silicon
28.085
15
P
Phosphorus
30.974
16
S
Sulfur
32.065
17
Cl
Chlorine
35.453
18
Ar
Argon
39.948
4
19
K
Potassium
39.098
20
Ca
Calcium
40.078
21
Sc
Scandium
44.956
22
Ti
Titanium
47.867
23
V
Vanadium
50.941
24
Cr
Chromium
51.996
25
Mn
Manganese
54.938
26
Fe
Iron
55.845
27
Co
Cobalt
58.933
28
Ni
Nickel
58.693
29
Cu
Copper
63.546
30
Zn
Zinc
65.409
31
Ga
Gallium
69.723
32
Ge
Germanium
72.640
33
As
Arsenic
74.922
34
Se
Selenium
78.960
35
Br
Bromine
79.904
36
Kr
Krypton
83.798
5
37
Rb
Rubidium
85.468
38
Sr
Strontium
87.620
39
Y
Yttrium
88.906
40
Zr
Zirconium
91.224
41
Nb
Niobium
92.906
42
Mo
Molybdenum
95.940
43
Tc
Technetium
98
44
Ru
Ruthenium
101.070
45
Rh
Rhodium
102.906
46
Pd
Palladium
106.420
47
Ag
Silver
107.868
48
Cd
Cadmium
112.411
49
In
Indium
114.818
50
Sn
Tin
118.710
51
Sb
Antimony
121.760
52
Te
Tellurium
127.600
53
I
Iodine
126.904
54
Xe
Xenon
131.293
6
55
Cs
Cesium
132.905
56
Ba
Barium
137.327
57 - 71
La - Lu
Lanthanides
72
Hf
Hafnium
178.490
73
Ta
Tantalum
180.948
74
W
Tungsten
183.840
75
Re
Rhenium
186.207
76
Os
Osmium
190.230
77
Ir
Iridium
192.217
78
Pt
Platinum
195.078
79
Au
Gold
196.967
80
Hg
Mercury
200.590
81
Tl
Thallium
204.383
82
Pb
Lead
207.200
83
Bi
Bismuth
208.980
84
Po
Polonium
209
85
At
Astatine
210
86
Rn
Radon
222
7
87
Fr
Francium
223
88
Ra
Radium
226
89 - 103
Ac - Lr
Actinides
104
Rf
Rutherfordium
261
105
Db
Dubnium
262
106
Sg
Seaborgium
266
107
Bh
Bohrium
264
108
Hs
Hassium
277
109
Mt
Meitnerium
268
110
Ds
Darmstadtium
281
111
Rg
Roentgenium
272
112
Cn
Copernicium
285
113
Nh
Nihonium
284
114
Fl
Flerovium
289
115
Mc
Moscovium
288
116
Lv
Livermorium
292
117
Ts
Tennessine
294
118
Og
Oganesson
294
Lanthanides
57
La
Lanthanum
138.905
58
Ce
Cerium
140.116
59
Pr
Praseodymium
140.908
60
Nd
Neodymium
144.240
61
Pm
Promethium
145
62
Sm
Samarium
150.360
63
Eu
Europium
151.964
64
Gd
Gadolinium
157.250
65
Tb
Terbium
158.925
66
Dy
Dysprosium
162.500
67
Ho
Holmium
164.930
68
Er
Erbium
167.259
69
Tm
Thulium
168.934
70
Yb
Ytterbium
173.040
71
Lu
Lutetium
174.967
Actinides
89
Ac
Actinium
227
90
Th
Thorium
232.038
91
Pa
Protactinium
231.036
92
U
Uranium
238.029
93
Np
Neptunium
237
94
Pu
Plutonium
244
95
Am
Americium
243
96
Cm
Curium
247
97
Bk
Berkelium
247
98
Cf
Californium
251
99
Es
Einsteinium
252
100
Fm
Fermium
257
101
Md
Mendelevium
258
102
No
Nobelium
259
103
Lr
Lawrencium
262

Facts

NamePalladiumMolybdenum
Atomic Number4642
Atomic SymbolPdMo
Atomic Weight106.42 95.94
Phase at STPSolid Solid
ColorSilver Gray
Metallic ClassificationTransition Metal Transition Metal
Group in Periodic Tablegroup 10 group 6
Group Namenickel familychromium family
Period in Periodic Tableperiod 5 period 5
Block in Periodic Tabled -blockd -block
Electronic Configuration[Kr] 4d10 [Kr] 4d5 5s1
Electronic Shell Structure (Electrons per shell)2, 8, 18, 182, 8, 18, 13, 1
Melting Point1828.05 K2896 K
Boiling Point3236 K4912 K
CAS NumberCAS7440-05-3 CAS7439-98-7
Neighborhood ElementsNeighborhood Elements of PalladiumNeighborhood Elements of Molybdenum

History

HistoryThe element Palladium was discovered by H. Wollaston in year 1803 in United Kingdom. Palladium derived its name .The element Molybdenum was discovered by W. Scheele in year 1778 in Sweden. Molybdenum derived its name from the Greek word molybdos meaning 'lead'.
DiscoveryH. Wollaston (1803)W. Scheele (1778)
IsolatedH. Wollaston (1803)J. Hjelm (1781)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Parts per billion (ppb) by weight / by atoms (1ppb =10^-7 %)

Abundance in Universe2 / 0.025 / 0.1
Abundance in Sun3 / 0.049 / 0.1
Abundance in Meteorites670 / 1301200 / 250
Abundance in Earth's Crust6.3 / 11100 / 230
Abundance in Oceans- / -10 / 0.64
Abundance in Humans- / -100 / 7

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

Atomic Volume8.8514 cm3/mol9.333 cm3/mol
Atomic Radius169 pm190 pm
Covalent Radius131 pm145 pm
Van der Waals Radius163 pm-
Atomic SpectrumAtomic Spectrum of Palladium | SchoolMyKidsAtomic Spectrum of Molybdenum | SchoolMyKids
Lattice Constant389.07, 389.07, 389.07 pm314.7, 314.7, 314.7 pm
Lattice Angleπ/2, π/2, π/2π/2, π/2, π/2
Space Group NameFm_ 3m Im_ 3m
Space Group Number225 229
Crystal Structure

Face Centered Cubic

46 Pd Palladium - Crystal Structure | SchoolMyKids

Body Centered Cubic

42 Mo Molybdenum - Crystal Structure | SchoolMyKids

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number4642
Number of Electrons (with no charge)4642
Number of Protons4642
Mass Number106.4295.94
Number of Neutrons6054
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)2, 8, 18, 182, 8, 18, 13, 1
Electron Configuration[Kr] 4d10 [Kr] 4d5 5s1
Valence Electrons4d10 4d5 5s1
Oxidation State0, 2, 44, 6
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)1S0 7S3
Shell structure46 Pd Palladium - Electron Shell Structure | SchoolMyKids42 Mo Molybdenum - Electron Shell Structure | SchoolMyKids

Isotopes and Nuclear Properties

Palladium has 6 stable naturally occuring isotopes while Molybdenum has 6 stable naturally occuring isotopes.

Known Isotopes91Pd, 92Pd, 93Pd, 94Pd, 95Pd, 96Pd, 97Pd, 98Pd, 99Pd, 100Pd, 101Pd, 102Pd, 103Pd, 104Pd, 105Pd, 106Pd, 107Pd, 108Pd, 109Pd, 110Pd, 111Pd, 112Pd, 113Pd, 114Pd, 115Pd, 116Pd, 117Pd, 118Pd, 119Pd, 120Pd, 121Pd, 122Pd, 123Pd, 124Pd83Mo, 84Mo, 85Mo, 86Mo, 87Mo, 88Mo, 89Mo, 90Mo, 91Mo, 92Mo, 93Mo, 94Mo, 95Mo, 96Mo, 97Mo, 98Mo, 99Mo, 100Mo, 101Mo, 102Mo, 103Mo, 104Mo, 105Mo, 106Mo, 107Mo, 108Mo, 109Mo, 110Mo, 111Mo, 112Mo, 113Mo, 114Mo, 115Mo
Stable IsotopesNaturally occurring stable isotopes:

102Pd, 104Pd, 105Pd, 106Pd, 108Pd, 110Pd

Naturally occurring stable isotopes:

92Mo, 94Mo, 95Mo, 96Mo, 97Mo, 98Mo

Neutron Cross Section 6.9 2.6
Neutron Mass Absorption 0.0023 0.0009

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

Valence or Valency4 6
Electronegativity2.2 Pauling Scale2.16 Pauling Scale
Electron Affinity53.7 kJ/mol71.9 kJ/mol
Ionization Energies
1st: 804.4 kJ/mol
2nd: 1870 kJ/mol
3rd: 3177 kJ/mol
1st: 684.3 kJ/mol
2nd: 1560 kJ/mol
3rd: 2618 kJ/mol
4th: 4480 kJ/mol
5th: 5257 kJ/mol
6th: 6640.8 kJ/mol
7th: 12125 kJ/mol
8th: 13860 kJ/mol
9th: 15835 kJ/mol
10th: 17980 kJ/mol
11th: 20190 kJ/mol
12th: 22219 kJ/mol
13th: 26930 kJ/mol
14th: 29196 kJ/mol
15th: 52490 kJ/mol
16th: 55000 kJ/mol
17th: 61400 kJ/mol
18th: 67700 kJ/mol
19th: 74000 kJ/mol
20th: 80400 kJ/mol
21st: 87000 kJ/mol
22nd: 93400 kJ/mol
23rd: 98420 kJ/mol
24th: 104400 kJ/mol
25th: 121900 kJ/mol
26th: 127700 kJ/mol
27th: 133800 kJ/mol
28th: 139800 kJ/mol
29th: 148100 kJ/mol
30th: 154500 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

Density12.023 g/cm310.28 g/cm3
Molar Volume8.8514 cm3/mol9.333 cm3/mol

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus121 329
Shear Modulus44 GPa20 GPa
Bulk Modulus180 GPa230 GPa
Poisson Ratio0.39 0.31

Hardness - Tests to Measure of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness4.75 MPa5.5 MPa
Vickers Hardness461 MPa1530 MPa
Brinell Hardness37.3 MPa1500 MPa

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity10000000 S/m20000000 S/m
Resistivity 1e-7 m Ω5e-8 m Ω
Superconducting Point- 0.915

Heat and Conduction Properties

Thermal Conductivity72 W/(m K)139 W/(m K)
Thermal Expansion0.0000118 /K0.0000048 /K

Magnetic Properties

Magnetic TypeParamagnetic Paramagnetic
Curie Point- -
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility6.57e-8 m3/kg1.17e-8 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility6.992e-9 m3/mol1.122e-9 m3/mol
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility0.0007899 0.0001203

Optical Properties

Refractive Index- -

Acoustic Properties

Speed of Sound3070 m/s6190 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Melting Point1828.05 K2896 K
Boiling Point3236 K4912 K
Critical Temperature- -
Superconducting Point- 0.915

Enthalpies

Heat of Fusion16.7 kJ/mol36 kJ/mol
Heat of Vaporization380 kJ/mol600 kJ/mol
Heat of Combustion- -

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS NumberCAS7440-05-3 CAS7439-98-7
RTECS NumberRTECSRT3480500 RTECSQA4680000
DOT Hazard Class4.2 4.1
DOT Numbers3200 3089
EU Number- -
NFPA Fire Rating0 3
NFPA Hazards- -
NFPA Health Rating1 1
NFPA Reactivity Rating0 0
AutoIgnition Point- -
Flashpoint- -

Compare With Other Elements

Compare Palladium with all Group 10 elements

Compare Palladium with all Period 5 elements

Compare Palladium with all Transition Metal elements

Compare Molybdenum with all Group 6 elements

Compare Molybdenum with all Period 5 elements

Compare Molybdenum with all Transition Metal elements