Element 30 of Periodic table is
Zinc with atomic number 30,
atomic weight 65.409.
Zinc, symbol Zn, has a
Simple Hexagonal structure and SlateGray color.
Zinc is a transition metal element.
Trivial name of Zinc is volatile metals.
Know everything about Zinc Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Zinc, in commerce also spelter, is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30. It is the first element of group 12 of the periodic table. In some respects zinc is chemically similar to magnesium:its ion is of similar size and its only common oxidation state is +2.
Read key information and facts about element Zinc
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
30 to find Zinc on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Zinc on periodic
table look for cross section of group 12 and period
4 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Zinc was discovered by India in year
1500 in Germany
derived its name from the German word Zink
The table below shows the abundance of Zinc in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Zinc is Simple Hexagonal.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Zinc atoms have 30 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 2] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.
Shell Structure of Zinc - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Zinc atom is
[Ar] 3d10 4s2.
The portion of Zinc configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Ar]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 3d10 4s2, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Zinc atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
Zinc atomic radius is 142 pm, while it's covalent radius is 131 pm.
The electron affinity of Zinc is 0 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Zinc
Refer to below table for Zinc Physical Properties
Zinc is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Zinc
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Zinc
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Zinc has
5 stable isotope -
64Zn, 66Zn, 67Zn, 68Zn, 70Zn.
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases