Element 50 of Periodic table is
Tin with atomic number 50,
atomic weight 118.71.
Tin, symbol Sn, has a
Centered Tetragonal structure and Silver color.
Tin is a post-transition metal element.
Trivial name of Tin is tetrels, crystallogens.
Know everything about Tin Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (for Latin:stannum) and atomic number 50. It is a main group metal in group 14 of the periodic table. Tin shows a chemical similarity to both neighboring group-14 elements, germanium and lead, and has two possible oxidation states, +2 and the slightly more stable +4.
Read key information and facts about element Tin
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
50 to find Tin on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Tin on periodic
table look for cross section of group 14 and period
5 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Tin was discovered by unknown in year
3000 BC in unknown place
derived its name from English word (stannum in Latin)
The table below shows the abundance of Tin in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Tin is Centered Tetragonal.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Tin atoms have 50 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 18, 4] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P0.
Shell Structure of Tin - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Tin atom is
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2.
The portion of Tin configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Kr]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 4d10 5s2 5p2, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Tin atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p2
Tin atomic radius is 145 pm, while it's covalent radius is 141 pm.
The electron affinity of Tin is 107.3 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Tin
Refer to below table for Tin Physical Properties
Tin is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Tin
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Tin
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Tin has
10 stable isotope -
112Sn, 114Sn, 115Sn, 116Sn, 117Sn, 118Sn, 119Sn, 120Sn, 122Sn, 124Sn.
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases