Element 7 of Periodic table is
Nitrogen with atomic number 7,
atomic weight 14.0067.
Nitrogen, symbol N, has a
Simple Hexagonal structure and Colorless color.
Nitrogen is a other nonmetal element.
Trivial name of Nitrogen is pentels, pnictogens*.
Know everything about Nitrogen Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7. It is the lightest pnictogen and at room temperature, it is a transparent, odorless diatomic gas. Nitrogen is a common element in the universe, estimated at about seventh in total abundance in the Milky Way and the Solar System.
Read key information and facts about element Nitrogen
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
7 to find Nitrogen on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Nitrogen on periodic
table look for cross section of group 15 and period
2 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Nitrogen was discovered by Daniel Rutherford in year
1772 in United Kingdom
derived its name from the Greek word nitron and '-gen' meaning 'niter-forming'
The table below shows the abundance of Nitrogen in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Nitrogen is Simple Hexagonal.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Nitrogen atoms have 7 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 5] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2.
Shell Structure of Nitrogen - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Nitrogen atom is
[He] 2s2 2p3.
The portion of Nitrogen configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [He]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 2s2 2p3, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Nitrogen atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p3
Nitrogen atomic radius is 56 pm, while it's covalent radius is 75 pm.
The electron affinity of Nitrogen is 7 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Nitrogen
Refer to below table for Nitrogen Physical Properties
Nitrogen is N/A of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Nitrogen
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Nitrogen
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Nitrogen has
2 stable isotope -
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases