Element 25 of Periodic table is
Manganese with atomic number 25,
atomic weight 54.938049.
Manganese, symbol Mn, has a
Body Centered Cubic structure and Silver color.
Manganese is a transition metal element.
Know everything about Manganese Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25. It is not found as a free element in nature; it is often found in combination with iron, and in many minerals. Manganese is a metal with important industrial metal alloy uses, particularly in stainless steels.
Read key information and facts about element Manganese
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
25 to find Manganese on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Manganese on periodic
table look for cross section of group 7 and period
4 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Manganese was discovered by Torbern Olof Bergman in year
1774 in Sweden
derived its name corrupted from magnesia negra, see Magnesium
The table below shows the abundance of Manganese in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Manganese is Body Centered Cubic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Manganese atoms have 25 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 13, 2] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 6S5/2.
Shell Structure of Manganese - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Manganese atom is
[Ar] 3d5 4s2.
The portion of Manganese configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Ar]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 3d5 4s2, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Manganese atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d5 4s2
Manganese atomic radius is 161 pm, while it's covalent radius is 139 pm.
The electron affinity of Manganese is 0 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Manganese
Refer to below table for Manganese Physical Properties
Manganese is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Manganese
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Manganese
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Manganese has
1 stable isotope -
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases