Livermorium is a synthetic superheavy element with symbol Lv and atomic number 116. It is an extremely radioactive element that has only been created in the laboratory and has not been observed in nature. The element is named after the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in the United States, which collaborated with the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia to discover livermorium in 2000.
Read key information and facts about element Livermorium
|Group in Periodic Table||16|
|Group Name||oxygen family|
|Period in Periodic Table||7|
|Block in Periodic Table||p-block|
|Electronic Configuration||[Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p4|
|Electronic Shell Structure||[2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 6]|
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of electrons. The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number 116 to find Livermorium on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To locate Livermorium on periodic table look for cross section of group 16 and period 7 in the modern periodic table.
The element Livermorium was discovered by Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in year 2000 in Russia . Livermorium derived its name from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (in Livermore, California) which collaborated with JINR on its synthesis
The table below shows the abundance of Livermorium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
|Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)|
|Abundance in Universe||N/A|
|Abundance in Sun||None|
|Abundance in Meteorites||None|
|Abundance in Earth's Crust||None|
|Abundance in Oceans||None|
|Abundance in Humans||None|
The solid state structure of Livermorium is N/A.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in three dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
|Space Group Name||N/A|
|Space Group Number||N/A|
Livermorium atoms have 116 electrons and the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 6] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P2.
|Number of Electrons (with no charge)||116|
|Number of Protons||116|
|Number of Neutrons||176|
|Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)||[2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 6]|
|Electron Configuration||[Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p4|
|Valence Electrons||7s2 7p4|
|Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||3P2|
Shell Structure of Livermorium - Electrons per energy level
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Livermorium atom is [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p4. The portion of Livermorium configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Rn]. For atoms with many electrons, this notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is the Valence electrons 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p4, electrons in the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Livermorium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p6 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p4
Livermorium atomic radius is N/A, while it's covalent radius is N/A.
|Atomic Volume||N/A cm3|
|Van der Waals Radius||N/A|
|Neutron Cross Section||N/A σa/barns|
The electron affinity of Livermorium is N/A
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Livermorium
|Ionization energy number||Enthalpy - kJ/mol|
Refer to below table for Livermorium Physical Properties
|Molar Volume||N/A cm3|
Livermorium is N/A of electricity. Refer to table below for the Electrical properties of Livermorium
|Mass Magnetic Susceptibility||N/A|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||N/A|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||N/A|
|Speed of Sound||N/A|
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Livermorium
|Melting Point||N/A (N/A)|
|Boiling Point||N/A (N/A)|
|Heat of Fusion||N/A|
|Heat of Vaporization||N/A|
|Heat of Combustion||N/A|
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Livermorium has 1 stable isotope - None.
|Isotope||Isotope Mass||% Abundance||T half||Decay Mode|
|DOT Hazard Class||N/A|
|NFPA Fire Rating||N/A|
|NFPA Health Rating||N/A|
|NFPA Reactivity Rating||N/A|
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases
|CAS Number - Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS)||CAS54100-71-9|
|Alkali Metals||Alkaline Earth Metals|
|Transition Metals||Post-Transition Metals|