Element 80 of Periodic table is
Mercury with atomic number 80,
atomic weight 200.59.
Mercury, symbol Hg, has a
Simple Trigonal structure and Silver color.
Mercury is a transition metal element.
Trivial name of Mercury is volatile metals.
Know everything about Mercury Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80. It is commonly known as quicksilver and was formerly named hydrargyrum (/haɪˈdrɑːrdʒərəm/). A heavy, silvery d-block element, mercury is the only metallic element that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure; the only other element that is liquid under these conditions is bromine, though metals such as caesium, gallium, and rubidium melt just above room temperature.
Read key information and facts about element Mercury
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
80 to find Mercury on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Mercury on periodic
table look for cross section of group 12 and period
6 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Mercury was discovered by unknown in year
1500 BC in unknown place
derived its name from the New Latin name mercurius, named after the Roman god (Hg from former name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr-, 'water', and argyros, 'silver')
The table below shows the abundance of Mercury in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Mercury is Simple Trigonal.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Mercury atoms have 80 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.
Shell Structure of Mercury - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Mercury atom is
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2.
The portion of Mercury configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Xe]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 4f14 5d10 6s2, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Mercury atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2
Mercury atomic radius is 171 pm, while it's covalent radius is 149 pm.
The electron affinity of Mercury is 0 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Mercury
Refer to below table for Mercury Physical Properties
Mercury is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Mercury
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Mercury
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Mercury has
7 stable isotope -
196Hg, 198Hg, 199Hg, 200Hg, 201Hg, 202Hg, 204Hg.
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases