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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Vanadium vs Niobium

Compare Vanadium and Niobium

Compare Vanadium and Niobium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Vanadium vs Niobium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare V vs Nb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Vanadium
23
V
50.9415
Solid
Silver
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d3 4s2
1910 °C
3407 °C
2, 8, 11, 2
CAS7440-62-2
Neighborhood Elements of Vanadium
Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
CAS7440-03-1
Neighborhood Elements of Niobium

History

History
The element Vanadium was discovered by Andrés Manuel del Río in year 1801 in Mexico and Sweden. Vanadium derived its name from from Vanadis, an Old Norse name for the Scandinavian goddess Freyja
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1e-06
4e-07
6.1e-05
0.00019
1.5×10-7%
3×10-6%
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

171 pm
8.3373977086743 cm3
125 pm
N/A
5.06
vanadium Spectrum
303, 303, 303 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

vanadium Crystal Structure
198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
23
23
23
50.9415
27.9415
2, 8, 11, 2
[Ar] 3d3 4s2
3d3 4s2
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4F3/2
vanadium Shells
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
51V.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
1.63
50.6 kJ/mol
650.9, 1414, 2830, 4507, 6298.7, 12363, 14530, 16730, 19860, 22240, 24670, 29730, 32446, 86450, 94170, 1.023×105, 1.127×105, 1.216×105, 1.307×105, 1.434×105, 151440 kJ/mol
5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

6.11 g/cm3
8.3373977086743

 

128 GPa
47 GPa
160 GPa
0.37


 

7 MPa
628 MPa
628 MPa

 

5×106 S/m
2×10-7 m Ω
5.4

 

31 W/(m K)
8.4×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.28×10-8
3.199×10-9
0.0003837

 

N/A

 

4560 m/s
8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1910 °C
3407 °C
N/A
5.4

 

22.8 kJ/mol
453 kJ/mol
N/A
2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-62-2
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
1
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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