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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Titanium vs Niobium

Compare Titanium and Niobium

Compare Titanium and Niobium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Titanium vs Niobium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ti vs Nb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Titanium
22
Ti
47.867
Solid
Silver
transition metal
4
titanium family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d2 4s2
1668 °C
3287 °C
2, 8, 10, 2
CAS7440-32-6
Neighborhood Elements of Titanium
Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
CAS7440-03-1
Neighborhood Elements of Niobium

History

History
The element Titanium was discovered by William Gregor in year 1791 in United Kingdom. Titanium derived its name from from Titans, the sons of the Earth goddess of Greek mythology
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
3e-06
4e-06
0.00054
0.0066
1×10-7%
N/A
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

176 pm
10.620590193033 cm3
136 pm
N/A
6.1
titanium Spectrum
295.08, 295.08, 468.55 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

titanium Crystal Structure
198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
22
22
22
47.867
25.867
2, 8, 10, 2
[Ar] 3d2 4s2
3d2 4s2
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3F2
titanium Shells
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
46Ti, 47Ti, 48Ti, 49Ti, 50Ti.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.54
7.6 kJ/mol
658.8, 1309.8, 2652.5, 4174.6, 9581, 11533, 13590, 16440, 18530, 20833, 25575, 28125, 76015, 83280, 90880, 1.007×105, 1.091×105, 1.178×105, 1.299×105, 137530, 602930 kJ/mol
5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

4.507 g/cm3
10.620590193033

 

116 GPa
44 GPa
110 GPa
0.32


 

6 MPa
970 MPa
716 MPa

 

2.5×106 S/m
4×10-7 m Ω
0.4

 

22 W/(m K)
8.6×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
4.01×10-8
1.919×10-9
0.0001807

 

N/A

 

4140 m/s
8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1668 °C
3287 °C
N/A
0.4

 

18.7 kJ/mol
425 kJ/mol
N/A
2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-32-6
N/A
4.2
2546
N/A
1
N/A
1
2

 

250 °C
N/A
CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

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