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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Sulfur vs Osmium

Compare Sulfur and Osmium

Compare Sulfur and Osmium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Sulfur vs Osmium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare S vs Os on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Sulfur
16
S
32.065
Solid
Yellow
other nonmetal
16
oxygen family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
115.21 °C
444.72 °C
2, 8, 6
CAS7704-34-9
Neighborhood Elements of Sulfur
Osmium
76
Os
190.23
Solid
SlateGray
transition metal
8
iron family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d6 6s2
3033 °C
5012 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 14, 2
CAS7440-04-2
Neighborhood Elements of Osmium

History

History
The element Sulfur was discovered by Ancient china in year 500 BC in unknown place. Sulfur derived its name from from the Latin word sulphur, 'fire and brimstone'
The element Osmium was discovered by Smithson Tennant in year 1803 in United Kingdom. Osmium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek osmè, meaning 'smell'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0005
0.0004
0.04
0.00042
0.00093
0.002
3×10-7%
2×10-7%
6.6e-07
1.8×10-7%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

88 pm
16.359693877551 cm3
102 pm
180 pm
0.52
sulfur Spectrum
1043.7, 1284.5, 2436.9 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fddd
70

Face Centered Orthorhombic

sulfur Crystal Structure
185 pm
8.4209827357238 cm3
128 pm
N/A
15
osmium Spectrum
273.44, 273.44, 431.73 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

osmium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
16
16
16
32.065
16.065
2, 8, 6
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
3s2 3p4
-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
3P2
sulfur Shells
76
76
76
190.23
114.23
2, 8, 18, 32, 14, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d6 6s2
5d6 6s2
-4;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8
5D4
osmium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
32S, 33S, 34S, 36S.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
184Os, 187Os, 188Os, 189Os, 190Os, 192Os.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

6
2.58
200 kJ/mol
999.6, 2252, 3357, 4556, 7004.3, 8495.8, 27107, 31719, 36621, 43177 kJ/mol
6
2.2
106.1 kJ/mol
840, 1.6×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.96 g/cm3
16.359693877551

 

N/A
N/A
7.7 GPa
N/A


 

2 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×10-15 S/m
1×1015 m Ω
N/A

 

0.205 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-1.99×10-10
-1.22e-05

 

1.001111

 

N/A
22.59 g/cm3
8.4209827357238

 

N/A
222 GPa
N/A
0.25


 

7 MPa
N/A
3920 MPa

 

1.2×107 S/m
8.1×10-8 m Ω
0.66

 

88 W/(m K)
5.1×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6×10-10
1.1×10-10
1.4e-05

 

N/A

 

4940 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

115.21 °C
444.72 °C
1314 K
N/A

 

1.73 kJ/mol
9.8 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
3033 °C
5012 °C
N/A
0.66

 

31 kJ/mol
630 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7704-34-9
{RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-04-2
RTECSRN1100000
4.1
3089
N/A
4
N/A
N/A
1

 

N/A
N/A