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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Sodium vs Hydrogen

Compare Sodium and Hydrogen

Compare Sodium and Hydrogen on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Sodium vs Hydrogen with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Na vs H on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Sodium
11
Na
22.98977
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
3
s
[Ne] 3s1
97.72 °C
883 °C
2, 8, 1
CAS7440-23-5
Neighborhood Elements of Sodium
Hydrogen
1
H
1.00794
Gas
Colorless
other nonmetal
1
lithium family 
1
s
1s1
-259.14 °C
-252.87 °C
1
CAS1333-74-0
Neighborhood Elements of Hydrogen

History

History
The element Sodium was discovered by Humphry Davy in year 1807 in United Kingdom. Sodium derived its name from from the English word soda (natrium in Latin)
The element Hydrogen was discovered by Henry Cavendish in year 1766 in United Kingdom. Hydrogen derived its name derived its name from from the Greek elements hydro- and -gen meaning 'water-forming'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2e-05
4e-05
0.0055
0.023
0.011
0.0014
0.75
0.75
0.024
0.0015
0.11
0.1

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

190 pm
23.749762396694 cm3
154 pm
227 pm
0.53
sodium Spectrum
429.06, 429.06, 429.06 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

sodium Crystal Structure
53 pm
11.211790878754 cm3
37 pm
120 pm
0.332
hydrogen Spectrum
470 pm, 470 pm, 340 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

hydrogen Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
11
11
11
22.98977
11.98977
2, 8, 1
[Ne] 3s1
3s1
-1  1
2S1/2
sodium Shells
1
1
1
1.00794
0.0079400000000001
1
1s1
1s1
-1  1
2S1/2
hydrogen Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
23Na.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
1H, 2H.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.93
52.8 kJ/mol
495.8, 4562, 6910.3, 9543, 13354, 16613, 20117, 25496, 28932, 141362 kJ/mol
1
2.2
72.8 kJ/mol
1312 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.968 g/cm3
23.749762396694

 

10 GPa
3.3 GPa
6.3 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
0.69 MPa

 

2.1×107 S/m
4.7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
0.000071 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
8.8×10-9
2×10-10
8.5×10-6

 

N/A

 

3.2×103 m/s
0.0899 g/l
11.211790878754

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.1805 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.48×10-8
-4.999×10-11
-2.23×10-9

 

1.000132

 

1270 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

97.72 °C
883 °C
2573 K
N/A

 

2.6 kJ/mol
97.7 kJ/mol
N/A
-259.14 °C
-252.87 °C
32.97 K
N/A

 

0.558 kJ/mol
0.452 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-23-5
RTECSVY0686000
4.3
1428
N/A
3
Water Reactive
3
2

 

115 °C
4 °C
CAS1333-74-0
RTECSMW8900000
2.1
1966
N/A
4
N/A
3
0

 

535.5 °C
-18 °C