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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Silicon vs Selenium

Compare Silicon and Selenium

Compare Silicon and Selenium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Silicon vs Selenium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Si vs Se on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Silicon
14
Si
28.0855
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p2
1414 °C
2.9×103 °C
2, 8, 4
CAS7440-21-3
Neighborhood Elements of Silicon
Selenium
34
Se
78.96
Solid
Gray
other nonmetal
16
oxygen family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p4
221 °C
685 °C
2, 8, 18, 6
CAS7782-49-2
Neighborhood Elements of Selenium

History

History
The element Silicon was discovered by Jöns Jacob Berzelius in year 1824 in Sweden. Silicon derived its name from from the Latin silex, 'flint' (originally silicium)
The element Selenium was discovered by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in year 1817 in Sweden. Selenium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek selene, meaning 'moon'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0007
0.0009
0.14
0.27
1e-06
0.00026
3×10-6%
N/A
1.3e-05
5×10-6%
4.5×10-8%
5×10-6%

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

111 pm
12.053862660944 cm3
111 pm
210 pm
171
silicon Spectrum
543.09, 543.09, 543.09 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fd_ 3m
227

Tetrahedral Packing

silicon Crystal Structure
103 pm
16.385142145673 cm3
116 pm
190 pm
11.7
selenium Spectrum
905.4, 908.3, 1160.1 pm
π/2, 1.58493, π/2
P121/c1
14

Simple Monoclinic

selenium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
14
14
14
28.0855
14.0855
2, 8, 4
[Ne] 3s2 3p2
3s2 3p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
silicon Shells
34
34
34
78.96
44.96
2, 8, 18, 6
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p4
4s2 4p4
-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
3P2
selenium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
28Si, 29Si, 30Si.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
74Se, 76Se, 77Se, 78Se, 80Se.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.9
133.6 kJ/mol
786.5, 1577.1, 3231.6, 4355.5, 16091, 19805, 23780, 29287, 33878, 38726 kJ/mol
6
2.55
195 kJ/mol
941, 2045, 2973.7, 4144, 6590, 7880, 14990 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.33 g/cm3
12.053862660944

 

47 GPa
N/A
100 GPa
N/A


 

6.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×103 S/m
0.001 m Ω
N/A

 

150 W/(m K)
2.6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.6×10-9
-4.49×10-11
-3.73×10-6

 

N/A

 

2.2×103 m/s
4.819 g/cm3
16.385142145673

 

10 GPa
3.7 GPa
8.3 GPa
0.33


 

2 MPa
N/A
736 MPa

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.52 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-4×10-9
-3.16×10-10
-1.93e-05

 

1.000895

 

3350 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1414 °C
2.9×103 °C
N/A
N/A

 

50.2 kJ/mol
359 kJ/mol
-9055 J/(kg K)
221 °C
685 °C
1766 K
N/A

 

5.4 kJ/mol
26 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-21-3
RTECSVW0400000
4.1
1346
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

150 °C
N/A
CAS7782-49-2
{N/A, RTECSVS7700000, N/A}
{N/A, 6.1, N/A}
"N/A", {2658}, "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 0, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 2, N/A}
{N/A, 0, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A