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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Protactinium vs Fermium

Compare Protactinium and Fermium

Compare Protactinium and Fermium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Protactinium vs Fermium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Pa vs Fm on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Protactinium
91
Pa
231.03588
Solid
Silver
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f2 6d1 7s2
1572 °C
4000 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 20, 9, 2
CAS7440-13-3
Neighborhood Elements of Protactinium
Fermium
100
Fm
257
Solid
N/A
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f12 7s2
1527 °C
N/A
2, 8, 18, 32, 30, 8, 2
CAS7440-72-4
Neighborhood Elements of Fermium

History

History
The element Protactinium was discovered by William Crookes in year 1913 in Germany and United Kingdom. Protactinium derived its name from from the Greek protos, 'first', and actinium, which is produced through the radioactive decay of protactinium
The element Fermium was discovered by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in year 1952 in United States. Fermium derived its name derived its name from from Enrico Fermi, physicist

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
N/A
N/A
N/A
9.9×10-13%
2×10-23%
None
N/A
None
None
None
None
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

180 pm
15.03161223162 cm3
N/A
N/A
500
protactinium Spectrum
392.5, 392.5, 323.8 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I4/mmm
139

Centered Tetragonal

protactinium Crystal Structure
N/A
N/A cm3
N/A
N/A
5.8×103
fermium Spectrum
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

Body Centered Cubic

fermium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
91
91
91
231.03588
140.03588
2, 8, 18, 32, 20, 9, 2
[Rn] 5f2 6d1 7s2
5f2 6d1 7s2
 3;4;5
4K11/2
protactinium Shells
100
100
100
257
157
2, 8, 18, 32, 30, 8, 2
[Rn] 5f12 7s2
5f12 7s2
 2;3
3H6
fermium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
1.5
N/A
568 kJ/mol
3
1.3
N/A
627 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

15.37 g/cm3
15.03161223162

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

5.6×106 S/m
1.8×10-7 m Ω
1.4

 

47 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
3.25×10-8
7.509×10-9
0.0004995

 

N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1572 °C
4000 °C
N/A
1.4

 

15 kJ/mol
470 kJ/mol
N/A
1527 °C
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-13-3
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-72-4
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A