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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Platinum vs Palladium

Compare Platinum and Palladium

Compare Platinum and Palladium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Platinum vs Palladium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Pt vs Pd on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Platinum
78
Pt
195.078
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
1768.3 °C
3825 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
CAS7440-06-4
Neighborhood Elements of Platinum
Palladium
46
Pd
106.42
Solid
Silver
transition metal
10
nickel family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d10
1554.9 °C
2963 °C
2, 8, 18, 18
CAS7440-05-3
Neighborhood Elements of Palladium

History

History
The element Platinum was discovered by Antonio de Ulloa in year 1735 in Peru. Platinum derived its name from from the Spanish platina, meaning 'little silver'
The element Palladium was discovered by William Hyde Wollaston in year 1803 in United Kingdom. Palladium derived its name derived its name from from the then recently discovered asteroid Pallas, considered a planet at the time

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
5×10-7%
9×10-7%
9.8e-07
3.7×10-6%
N/A
N/A
2×10-7%
3×10-7%
6.6e-07
6.3×10-7%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

177 pm
9.249786628734 cm3
128 pm
175 pm
10
platinum Spectrum
392.42, 392.42, 392.42 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

platinum Crystal Structure
169 pm
8.8513682109291 cm3
131 pm
163 pm
6.9
palladium Spectrum
389.07, 389.07, 389.07 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

palladium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
78
78
78
195.078
117.078
2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
5d9 6s1
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
3D3
platinum Shells
46
46
46
106.42
60.42
2, 8, 18, 18
[Kr] 4d10
4d10
 1;2;3;4;5;6
1S0
palladium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
192Pt, 194Pt, 195Pt, 196Pt, 198Pt.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
102Pd, 104Pd, 105Pd, 106Pd, 108Pd, 110Pd.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

6
2.28
205.3 kJ/mol
870, 1791 kJ/mol
4
2.2
53.7 kJ/mol
804.4, 1870, 3177 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

21.09 g/cm3
9.249786628734

 

168 GPa
61 GPa
230 GPa
0.38


 

3.5 MPa
549 MPa
392 MPa

 

9.4×106 S/m
1.1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

72 W/(m K)
8.8×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.22×10-8
2.38×10-9
0.0002573

 

N/A

 

2680 m/s
12.023 g/cm3
8.8513682109291

 

121 GPa
44 GPa
180 GPa
0.39


 

4.75 MPa
461 MPa
37.3 MPa

 

1×107 S/m
1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

72 W/(m K)
0.0000118 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.57×10-8
6.992×10-9
0.0007899

 

N/A

 

3070 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1768.3 °C
3825 °C
N/A
N/A

 

20 kJ/mol
490 kJ/mol
N/A
1554.9 °C
2963 °C
N/A
N/A

 

16.7 kJ/mol
380 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-06-4
RTECSTP2160000
4.1
3089
N/A
2
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-05-3
RTECSRT3480500
4.2
3200
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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