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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Phosphorus vs Oxygen

Compare Phosphorus and Oxygen

Compare Phosphorus and Oxygen on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Phosphorus vs Oxygen with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare P vs O on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Phosphorus
15
P
30.973761
Solid
Colorless
other nonmetal
15
nitrogen family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
44.2 °C
280.5 °C
2, 8, 5
CAS7723-14-0
Neighborhood Elements of Phosphorus
Oxygen
8
O
15.9994
Gas
Colorless
other nonmetal
16
oxygen family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p4
-218.3 °C
-182.9 °C
2, 6
CAS7782-44-7
Neighborhood Elements of Oxygen

History

History
The element Phosphorus was discovered by Hennig Brand in year 1669 in Germany. Phosphorus derived its name from from the Greek word phoosphoros, 'carrying light'
The element Oxygen was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1774 in Sweden and United Kingdom. Oxygen derived its name derived its name from from the Greek word oxy-, both 'sharp' and 'acid', and -gen, meaning 'acid-forming'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
7e-06
7e-06
0.0011
0.00099
7×10-6%
0.011
0.01
0.009
0.4
0.46
0.86
0.61

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

98 pm
16.990543609435 cm3
106 pm
180 pm
0.18
phosphorus Spectrum
1145, 550.3, 1126.1 pm
1.25384, 1.57725, 1.24896
P-1
2

Simple Triclinic

phosphorus Crystal Structure
48 pm
11.19622113366 cm3
73 pm
152 pm
0.00028
oxygen Spectrum
540.3, 342.9, 508.6 pm
π/2, 2.313085, π/2
C12/m1
12

Base Centered Monoclinic

oxygen Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
15
15
15
30.973761
15.973761
2, 8, 5
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
3s2 3p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
phosphorus Shells
8
8
8
15.9994
7.9994
2, 6
[He] 2s2 2p4
2s2 2p4
-2;-1  1;2
3P2
oxygen Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
31P.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
16O, 17O, 18O.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.19
72 kJ/mol
1011.8, 1907, 2914.1, 4963.6, 6273.9, 21267, 25431, 29872, 35905, 40950 kJ/mol
2
3.44
141 kJ/mol
1313.9, 3388.3, 5300.5, 7469.2, 10989.5, 13326.5, 71330, 84078 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.823 g/cm3
16.990543609435

 

N/A
N/A
11 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×107 S/m
1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

0.236 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.13×10-8
-3.5×10-10
-2.06e-05

 

1.001212

 

N/A
1.429 g/l
11.19622113366

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.02658 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.335×10-6
4.27184×10-8
1.90772×10-6

 

1.000271

 

317.5 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

44.2 °C
280.5 °C
N/A
N/A

 

0.64 kJ/mol
12.4 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
-218.3 °C
-182.9 °C
154.59 K
N/A

 

0.222 kJ/mol
3.41 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7723-14-0
{N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A}
{N/A, 4.1, 4.2, N/A}
"N/A", {1338}, {1381, 2447}, "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 0, 4, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, 4, N/A}
{N/A, 2, 2, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7782-44-7
RTECSRS2060000
2.2
1073
N/A
0
Oxidizing Agent
3
2

 

N/A
N/A