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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Phosphorus vs Manganese

Compare Phosphorus and Manganese

Compare Phosphorus and Manganese on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Phosphorus vs Manganese with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare P vs Mn on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Phosphorus
15
P
30.973761
Solid
Colorless
other nonmetal
15
nitrogen family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
44.2 °C
280.5 °C
2, 8, 5
CAS7723-14-0
Neighborhood Elements of Phosphorus
Manganese
25
Mn
54.938049
Solid
Silver
transition metal
7
manganese family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d5 4s2
1246 °C
2061 °C
2, 8, 13, 2
CAS7439-96-5
Neighborhood Elements of Manganese

History

History
The element Phosphorus was discovered by Hennig Brand in year 1669 in Germany. Phosphorus derived its name from from the Greek word phoosphoros, 'carrying light'
The element Manganese was discovered by Torbern Olof Bergman in year 1774 in Sweden. Manganese derived its name derived its name from corrupted from magnesia negra, see Magnesium

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
7e-06
7e-06
0.0011
0.00099
7×10-6%
0.011
8e-06
1e-05
0.0027
0.0011
2×10-7%
2e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

98 pm
16.990543609435 cm3
106 pm
180 pm
0.18
phosphorus Spectrum
1145, 550.3, 1126.1 pm
1.25384, 1.57725, 1.24896
P-1
2

Simple Triclinic

phosphorus Crystal Structure
161 pm
7.3544911646586 cm3
139 pm
N/A
13.3
manganese Spectrum
891.25, 891.25, 891.25 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I_ 43m
217

Body Centered Cubic

manganese Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
15
15
15
30.973761
15.973761
2, 8, 5
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
3s2 3p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
phosphorus Shells
25
25
25
54.938049
29.938049
2, 8, 13, 2
[Ar] 3d5 4s2
3d5 4s2
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7
6S5/2
manganese Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
31P.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
55Mn.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.19
72 kJ/mol
1011.8, 1907, 2914.1, 4963.6, 6273.9, 21267, 25431, 29872, 35905, 40950 kJ/mol
4
1.55
0 kJ/mol
717.3, 1509, 3248, 4940, 6990, 9220, 1.15×104, 18770, 2.14×104, 23960, 27590, 30330, 33150, 38880, 41987, 109480, 1.181×105, 1.271×105, 1.386×105, 1.485×105, 1.586×105 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.823 g/cm3
16.990543609435

 

N/A
N/A
11 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×107 S/m
1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

0.236 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.13×10-8
-3.5×10-10
-2.06e-05

 

1.001212

 

N/A
7.47 g/cm3
7.3544911646586

 

198 GPa
N/A
120 GPa
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
196 MPa

 

6.2×105 S/m
1.6×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

7.8 W/(m K)
0.0000217 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.21×10-7
6.6475×10-9
0.00090387

 

N/A

 

5150 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

44.2 °C
280.5 °C
N/A
N/A

 

0.64 kJ/mol
12.4 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
1246 °C
2061 °C
N/A
N/A

 

13.2 kJ/mol
220 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7723-14-0
{N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A}
{N/A, 4.1, 4.2, N/A}
"N/A", {1338}, {1381, 2447}, "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 0, 4, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, 4, N/A}
{N/A, 2, 2, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-96-5
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A