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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Phosphorus vs Iron

Compare Phosphorus and Iron

Compare Phosphorus and Iron on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Phosphorus vs Iron with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare P vs Fe on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Phosphorus
15
P
30.973761
Solid
Colorless
other nonmetal
15
nitrogen family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
44.2 °C
280.5 °C
2, 8, 5
CAS7723-14-0
Neighborhood Elements of Phosphorus
Iron
26
Fe
55.845
Solid
Gray
transition metal
8
iron family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d6 4s2
1538 °C
2861 °C
2, 8, 14, 2
CAS7439-89-6
Neighborhood Elements of Iron

History

History
The element Phosphorus was discovered by Hennig Brand in year 1669 in Germany. Phosphorus derived its name from from the Greek word phoosphoros, 'carrying light'
The element Iron was discovered by unknown in year 2000 BC in unknown place. Iron derived its name derived its name from from English word (ferrum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
7e-06
7e-06
0.0011
0.00099
7×10-6%
0.011
0.0011
0.001
0.22
0.063
3×10-7%
6e-05

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

98 pm
16.990543609435 cm3
106 pm
180 pm
0.18
phosphorus Spectrum
1145, 550.3, 1126.1 pm
1.25384, 1.57725, 1.24896
P-1
2

Simple Triclinic

phosphorus Crystal Structure
156 pm
7.0923291846584 cm3
125 pm
N/A
2.56
iron Spectrum
286.65, 286.65, 286.65 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

iron Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
15
15
15
30.973761
15.973761
2, 8, 5
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
3s2 3p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
phosphorus Shells
26
26
26
55.845
29.845
2, 8, 14, 2
[Ar] 3d6 4s2
3d6 4s2
-4;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7
5D4
iron Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
31P.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
54Fe, 56Fe, 57Fe, 58Fe.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.19
72 kJ/mol
1011.8, 1907, 2914.1, 4963.6, 6273.9, 21267, 25431, 29872, 35905, 40950 kJ/mol
3
1.83
15.7 kJ/mol
762.5, 1561.9, 2957, 5290, 7240, 9560, 12060, 14580, 22540, 25290, 2.8×104, 31920, 34830, 37840, 4.41×104, 47206, 1.222×105, 1.31×105, 1.405×105, 1.526×105, 1.63×105 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.823 g/cm3
16.990543609435

 

N/A
N/A
11 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×107 S/m
1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

0.236 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.13×10-8
-3.5×10-10
-2.06e-05

 

1.001212

 

N/A
7.874 g/cm3
7.0923291846584

 

211 GPa
82 GPa
170 GPa
0.29


 

4 MPa
608 MPa
490 MPa

 

1×107 S/m
9.7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

80 W/(m K)
0.0000118 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
1043 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

4910 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

44.2 °C
280.5 °C
N/A
N/A

 

0.64 kJ/mol
12.4 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
1538 °C
2861 °C
N/A
N/A

 

13.8 kJ/mol
347 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7723-14-0
{N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A}
{N/A, 4.1, 4.2, N/A}
"N/A", {1338}, {1381, 2447}, "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 0, 4, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, 4, N/A}
{N/A, 2, 2, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-89-6
RTECSNO4565500
4.1
3089
N/A
1
N/A
1
0

 

100 °C
N/A