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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Oxygen vs Nitrogen

Compare Oxygen and Nitrogen

Compare Oxygen and Nitrogen on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Oxygen vs Nitrogen with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare O vs N on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Oxygen
8
O
15.9994
Gas
Colorless
other nonmetal
16
oxygen family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p4
-218.3 °C
-182.9 °C
2, 6
CAS7782-44-7
Neighborhood Elements of Oxygen
Nitrogen
7
N
14.0067
Gas
Colorless
other nonmetal
15
nitrogen family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p3
-210.1 °C
-195.79 °C
2, 5
CAS7727-37-9
Neighborhood Elements of Nitrogen

History

History
The element Oxygen was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1774 in Sweden and United Kingdom. Oxygen derived its name from from the Greek word oxy-, both 'sharp' and 'acid', and -gen, meaning 'acid-forming'
The element Nitrogen was discovered by Daniel Rutherford in year 1772 in United Kingdom. Nitrogen derived its name derived its name from from the Greek word nitron and '-gen' meaning 'niter-forming'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.01
0.009
0.4
0.46
0.86
0.61
0.001
0.001
0.0014
2e-05
5e-07
0.026

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

48 pm
11.19622113366 cm3
73 pm
152 pm
0.00028
oxygen Spectrum
540.3, 342.9, 508.6 pm
π/2, 2.313085, π/2
C12/m1
12

Base Centered Monoclinic

oxygen Crystal Structure
56 pm
11.196402877698 cm3
75 pm
155 pm
1.91
nitrogen Spectrum
386.1, 386.1, 626.5 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

nitrogen Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
8
8
8
15.9994
7.9994
2, 6
[He] 2s2 2p4
2s2 2p4
-2;-1  1;2
3P2
oxygen Shells
7
7
7
14.0067
7.0067
2, 5
[He] 2s2 2p3
2s2 2p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
nitrogen Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
16O, 17O, 18O.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
14N, 15N.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
3.44
141 kJ/mol
1313.9, 3388.3, 5300.5, 7469.2, 10989.5, 13326.5, 71330, 84078 kJ/mol
3
3.04
7 kJ/mol
1402.3, 2856, 4578.1, 7475, 9444.9, 53266.6, 64360 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.429 g/l
11.19622113366

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.02658 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.335×10-6
4.27184×10-8
1.90772×10-6

 

1.000271

 

317.5 m/s
1.251 g/l
11.196402877698

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.02583 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-5.4×10-9
-1.5×10-10
-6.8×10-9

 

1.000298

 

333.6 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-218.3 °C
-182.9 °C
154.59 K
N/A

 

0.222 kJ/mol
3.41 kJ/mol
N/A
-210.1 °C
-195.79 °C
126.21 K
N/A

 

0.36 kJ/mol
2.79 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7782-44-7
RTECSRS2060000
2.2
1073
N/A
0
Oxidizing Agent
3
2

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7727-37-9
RTECSQW9700000
2.2
1977
N/A
0
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A