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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Nitrogen vs Terbium

Compare Nitrogen and Terbium

Compare Nitrogen and Terbium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Nitrogen vs Terbium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare N vs Tb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Nitrogen
7
N
14.0067
Gas
Colorless
other nonmetal
15
nitrogen family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p3
-210.1 °C
-195.79 °C
2, 5
CAS7727-37-9
Neighborhood Elements of Nitrogen
Terbium
65
Tb
158.92534
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f9 6s2
1356 °C
3230 °C
2, 8, 18, 27, 8, 2
CAS7440-27-9
Neighborhood Elements of Terbium

History

History
The element Nitrogen was discovered by Daniel Rutherford in year 1772 in United Kingdom. Nitrogen derived its name from from the Greek word nitron and '-gen' meaning 'niter-forming'
The element Terbium was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander in year 1843 in Sweden. Terbium derived its name derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.001
0.001
0.0014
2e-05
5e-07
0.026
5×10-8%
1×10-8%
3.9×10-6%
9.3e-07
1.4×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

56 pm
11.196402877698 cm3
75 pm
155 pm
1.91
nitrogen Spectrum
386.1, 386.1, 626.5 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

nitrogen Crystal Structure
225 pm
19.336335320599 cm3
N/A
N/A
23
terbium Spectrum
360.1, 360.1, 569.36 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

terbium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
7
7
7
14.0067
7.0067
2, 5
[He] 2s2 2p3
2s2 2p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
nitrogen Shells
65
65
65
158.92534
93.92534
2, 8, 18, 27, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f9 6s2
4f9 6s2
 1;2;3;4
6H15/2
terbium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
14N, 15N.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
159Tb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
3.04
7 kJ/mol
1402.3, 2856, 4578.1, 7475, 9444.9, 53266.6, 64360 kJ/mol
3
N/A
50 kJ/mol
565.8, 1110, 2114, 3839 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.251 g/l
11.196402877698

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.02583 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-5.4×10-9
-1.5×10-10
-6.8×10-9

 

1.000298

 

333.6 m/s
8.219 g/cm3
19.336335320599

 

56 GPa
22 GPa
38.7 GPa
0.26


 

N/A
863 MPa
677 MPa

 

8.3×105 S/m
1.2×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

11 W/(m K)
0.0000103 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
222 K
1.36e-05
2.161385×10-6
0.1117784

 

N/A

 

2620 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-210.1 °C
-195.79 °C
126.21 K
N/A

 

0.36 kJ/mol
2.79 kJ/mol
N/A
1356 °C
3230 °C
N/A
N/A

 

10.8 kJ/mol
295 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7727-37-9
RTECSQW9700000
2.2
1977
N/A
0
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-27-9
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A