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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Nitrogen vs Argon

Compare Nitrogen and Argon

Compare Nitrogen and Argon on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Nitrogen vs Argon with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare N vs Ar on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Nitrogen
7
N
14.0067
Gas
Colorless
other nonmetal
15
nitrogen family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p3
-210.1 °C
-195.79 °C
2, 5
CAS7727-37-9
Neighborhood Elements of Nitrogen
Argon
18
Ar
39.948
Gas
Colorless
noble gas
18
helium family or neon family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p6
-189.3 °C
-185.8 °C
2, 8, 8
CAS7440-37-1
Neighborhood Elements of Argon

History

History
The element Nitrogen was discovered by Daniel Rutherford in year 1772 in United Kingdom. Nitrogen derived its name from from the Greek word nitron and '-gen' meaning 'niter-forming'
The element Argon was discovered by Lord Rayleigh in year 1894 in United Kingdom. Argon derived its name derived its name from from the Greek word argos, meaning 'idle'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.001
0.001
0.0014
2e-05
5e-07
0.026
0.0002
7e-05
N/A
1.5e-06
4.5e-07
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

56 pm
11.196402877698 cm3
75 pm
155 pm
1.91
nitrogen Spectrum
386.1, 386.1, 626.5 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

nitrogen Crystal Structure
71 pm
22.392376681614 cm3
97 pm
188 pm
0.65
argon Spectrum
525.6, 525.6, 525.6 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

argon Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
7
7
7
14.0067
7.0067
2, 5
[He] 2s2 2p3
2s2 2p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
nitrogen Shells
18
18
18
39.948
21.948
2, 8, 8
[Ne] 3s2 3p6
3s2 3p6
 
1S0
argon Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
14N, 15N.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
36Ar, 38Ar, 40Ar.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
3.04
7 kJ/mol
1402.3, 2856, 4578.1, 7475, 9444.9, 53266.6, 64360 kJ/mol
0
N/A
0 kJ/mol
1520.6, 2665.8, 3931, 5771, 7238, 8781, 11995, 13842, 40760, 46186 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.251 g/l
11.196402877698

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.02583 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-5.4×10-9
-1.5×10-10
-6.8×10-9

 

1.000298

 

333.6 m/s
1.784 g/l
22.392376681614

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.01772 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6×10-9
-2.4×10-10
-1.07×10-8

 

1.000281

 

319 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-210.1 °C
-195.79 °C
126.21 K
N/A

 

0.36 kJ/mol
2.79 kJ/mol
N/A
-189.3 °C
-185.8 °C
150.87 K
N/A

 

1.18 kJ/mol
6.5 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7727-37-9
RTECSQW9700000
2.2
1977
N/A
0
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-37-1
RTECSCF2300000
2.2
1951
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A