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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Niobium vs Ytterbium

Compare Niobium and Ytterbium

Compare Niobium and Ytterbium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Niobium vs Ytterbium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Nb vs Yb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
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Neighborhood Elements of Niobium
Ytterbium
70
Yb
173.04
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f14 6s2
819 °C
1196 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Ytterbium

History

History
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology
The element Ytterbium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in year 1878 in Switzerland. Ytterbium derived its name derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A
2×10-7%
1×10-7%
1.8e-07
2.8e-06
8×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure
222 pm
26.337899543379 cm3
N/A
N/A
35
ytterbium Spectrum
548.47, 548.47, 548.47 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

ytterbium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells
70
70
70
173.04
103.04
2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f14 6s2
4f14 6s2
 2;3
1S0
ytterbium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
168Yb, 170Yb, 171Yb, 172Yb, 173Yb, 174Yb, 176Yb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol
3
N/A
50 kJ/mol
603.4, 1174.8, 2417, 4203 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s
6.57 g/cm3
26.337899543379

 

24 GPa
9.9 GPa
31 GPa
0.21


 

N/A
206 MPa
343 MPa

 

3.6×106 S/m
2.8×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

39 W/(m K)
0.0000263 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
5.9×10-9
1.02×10-9
3.88e-05

 

N/A

 

1590 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A
819 °C
1196 °C
N/A
N/A

 

7.7 kJ/mol
160 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
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RTECSZG1925000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A