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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Nickel vs Iodine

Compare Nickel and Iodine

Compare Nickel and Iodine on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Nickel vs Iodine with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ni vs I on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Nickel
28
Ni
58.6934
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1455 °C
2913 °C
2, 8, 16, 2
CAS7440-02-0
Neighborhood Elements of Nickel
Iodine
53
I
126.90447
Solid
SlateGray
halogens
17
fluorine family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
113.7 °C
184.3 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 7
CAS7553-56-2
Neighborhood Elements of Iodine

History

History
The element Nickel was discovered by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt in year 1751 in Sweden. Nickel derived its name from from Swedish kopparnickel, containing the German word Nickel, 'goblin'
The element Iodine was discovered by Bernard Courtois in year 1811 in France. Iodine derived its name derived its name from from French iode (after the Greek ioeides, 'violet')

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6e-05
8e-05
0.013
8.9e-05
2×10-7%
1e-07
1×10-7%
N/A
2.5e-07
4.9e-07
6×10-6%
2e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

149 pm
6.5888414907948 cm3
121 pm
163 pm
37.2
nickel Spectrum
352.4, 352.4, 352.4 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

nickel Crystal Structure
115 pm
25.689163967611 cm3
133 pm
198 pm
6.2
iodine Spectrum
718.02, 471.02, 981.03 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Cmca
64

Base Centered Orthorhombic

iodine Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
28
28
28
58.6934
30.6934
2, 8, 16, 2
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
3d8 4s2
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3F4
nickel Shells
53
53
53
126.90447
73.90447
2, 8, 18, 18, 7
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
5s2 5p5
-1  1;3;4;5;6;7
2P3/2
iodine Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
58Ni, 60Ni, 61Ni, 62Ni, 64Ni.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
127I.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.91
112 kJ/mol
737.1, 1753, 3395, 5.3×103, 7339, 1.04×104, 1.28×104, 1.56×104, 1.86×104, 21670, 30970, 3.4×104, 3.71×104, 4.15×104, 4.48×104, 4.81×104, 55101, 58570, 1.487×105, 1.59×105, 1.694×105 kJ/mol
7
2.66
295.2 kJ/mol
1008.4, 1845.9, 3180 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.908 g/cm3
6.5888414907948

 

200 GPa
76 GPa
180 GPa
0.31


 

4 MPa
638 MPa
700 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

91 W/(m K)
0.0000134 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
631 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

4970 m/s
4.94 g/cm3
25.689163967611

 

N/A
N/A
7.7 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×10-7 S/m
1×107 m Ω
N/A

 

0.449 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-4.5×10-9
-1.14×10-9
-2.22e-05

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1455 °C
2913 °C
N/A
N/A

 

17.2 kJ/mol
378 kJ/mol
N/A
113.7 °C
184.3 °C
819 K
N/A

 

7.76 kJ/mol
20.9 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-02-0
RTECSQR5950000
4.1
3089
N/A
4
N/A
2
1

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7553-56-2
RTECSNN1575000
8
1759
N/A
0
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A