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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Mercury vs Zinc

Compare Mercury and Zinc

Compare Mercury and Zinc on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Mercury vs Zinc with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Hg vs Zn on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Mercury
80
Hg
200.59
Liquid
Silver
transition metal
12
zinc family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
-38.83 °C
356.73 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
CAS7439-97-6
Neighborhood Elements of Mercury
Zinc
30
Zn
65.409
Solid
SlateGray
transition metal
12
zinc family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
419.53 °C
907 °C
2, 8, 18, 2
CAS7440-66-6
Neighborhood Elements of Zinc

History

History
The element Mercury was discovered by unknown in year 1500 BC in unknown place. Mercury derived its name from from the New Latin name mercurius, named after the Roman god (Hg from former name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr-, 'water', and argyros, 'silver')
The element Zinc was discovered by India in year 1500 in Germany. Zinc derived its name derived its name from from the German word Zink

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-7%
2×10-6%
2.5e-07
6.7×10-6%
5×10-9%
N/A
3e-07
2e-06
0.00018
7.8e-05
5×10-7%
3.3e-05

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

171 pm
14.821191074331 cm3
149 pm
155 pm
374
mercury Spectrum
300.5, 300.5, 300.5 pm
1.23081, 1.23081, 1.23081
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

mercury Crystal Structure
142 pm
9.1609243697479 cm3
131 pm
139 pm
1.1
zinc Spectrum
266.49, 266.49, 494.68 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

zinc Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
80
80
80
200.59
120.59
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
5d10 6s2
-2  1;2
1S0
mercury Shells
30
30
30
65.409
35.409
2, 8, 18, 2
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
3d10 4s2
-2  1;2
1S0
zinc Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
196Hg, 198Hg, 199Hg, 200Hg, 201Hg, 202Hg, 204Hg.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
64Zn, 66Zn, 67Zn, 68Zn, 70Zn.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
2
0 kJ/mol
1007.1, 1810, 3.3×103 kJ/mol
2
1.65
0 kJ/mol
906.4, 1733.3, 3833, 5731, 7970, 1.04×104, 1.29×104, 1.68×104, 1.96×104, 2.3×104, 2.64×104, 29990, 40490, 4.38×104, 4.73×104, 5.23×104, 5.59×104, 5.97×104, 6.73×104, 7.12×104, 1.791×105 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

13.534 g/cm3
14.821191074331

 

N/A
N/A
25 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×106 S/m
9.6×10-7 m Ω
4.154

 

8.3 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.1×10-9
-4.21×10-10
-2.84e-05

 

1.000933

 

1407 m/s
7.14 g/cm3
9.1609243697479

 

108 GPa
43 GPa
70 GPa
0.25


 

2.5 MPa
N/A
412 MPa

 

1.7×107 S/m
5.9×10-8 m Ω
0.85

 

120 W/(m K)
0.0000302 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.21×10-9
-1.45×10-10
-1.58e-05

 

1.00205

 

3.7×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-38.83 °C
356.73 °C
1750 K
4.154

 

2.29 kJ/mol
59.2 kJ/mol
N/A
419.53 °C
907 °C
N/A
0.85

 

7.35 kJ/mol
119 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-97-6
RTECSOV4550000
8
2809
N/A
0
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-66-6
RTECSZG8600000
4.3
1436
N/A
0
Water Reactive
2
0

 

460 °C
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
Elements of same categories