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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Mercury vs Palladium

Compare Mercury and Palladium

Compare Mercury and Palladium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Mercury vs Palladium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Hg vs Pd on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Mercury
80
Hg
200.59
Liquid
Silver
transition metal
12
zinc family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
-38.83 °C
356.73 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
CAS7439-97-6
Neighborhood Elements of Mercury
Palladium
46
Pd
106.42
Solid
Silver
transition metal
10
nickel family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d10
1554.9 °C
2963 °C
2, 8, 18, 18
CAS7440-05-3
Neighborhood Elements of Palladium

History

History
The element Mercury was discovered by unknown in year 1500 BC in unknown place. Mercury derived its name from from the New Latin name mercurius, named after the Roman god (Hg from former name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr-, 'water', and argyros, 'silver')
The element Palladium was discovered by William Hyde Wollaston in year 1803 in United Kingdom. Palladium derived its name derived its name from from the then recently discovered asteroid Pallas, considered a planet at the time

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-7%
2×10-6%
2.5e-07
6.7×10-6%
5×10-9%
N/A
2×10-7%
3×10-7%
6.6e-07
6.3×10-7%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

171 pm
14.821191074331 cm3
149 pm
155 pm
374
mercury Spectrum
300.5, 300.5, 300.5 pm
1.23081, 1.23081, 1.23081
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

mercury Crystal Structure
169 pm
8.8513682109291 cm3
131 pm
163 pm
6.9
palladium Spectrum
389.07, 389.07, 389.07 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

palladium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
80
80
80
200.59
120.59
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
5d10 6s2
-2  1;2
1S0
mercury Shells
46
46
46
106.42
60.42
2, 8, 18, 18
[Kr] 4d10
4d10
 1;2;3;4;5;6
1S0
palladium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
196Hg, 198Hg, 199Hg, 200Hg, 201Hg, 202Hg, 204Hg.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
102Pd, 104Pd, 105Pd, 106Pd, 108Pd, 110Pd.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
2
0 kJ/mol
1007.1, 1810, 3.3×103 kJ/mol
4
2.2
53.7 kJ/mol
804.4, 1870, 3177 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

13.534 g/cm3
14.821191074331

 

N/A
N/A
25 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×106 S/m
9.6×10-7 m Ω
4.154

 

8.3 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.1×10-9
-4.21×10-10
-2.84e-05

 

1.000933

 

1407 m/s
12.023 g/cm3
8.8513682109291

 

121 GPa
44 GPa
180 GPa
0.39


 

4.75 MPa
461 MPa
37.3 MPa

 

1×107 S/m
1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

72 W/(m K)
0.0000118 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.57×10-8
6.992×10-9
0.0007899

 

N/A

 

3070 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-38.83 °C
356.73 °C
1750 K
4.154

 

2.29 kJ/mol
59.2 kJ/mol
N/A
1554.9 °C
2963 °C
N/A
N/A

 

16.7 kJ/mol
380 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-97-6
RTECSOV4550000
8
2809
N/A
0
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-05-3
RTECSRT3480500
4.2
3200
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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