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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Manganese vs Praseodymium

Compare Manganese and Praseodymium

Compare Manganese and Praseodymium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Manganese vs Praseodymium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Mn vs Pr on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Manganese
25
Mn
54.938049
Solid
Silver
transition metal
7
manganese family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d5 4s2
1246 °C
2061 °C
2, 8, 13, 2
CAS7439-96-5
Neighborhood Elements of Manganese
Praseodymium
59
Pr
140.90765
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f3 6s2
931 °C
3290 °C
2, 8, 18, 21, 8, 2
CAS7440-10-0
Neighborhood Elements of Praseodymium

History

History
The element Manganese was discovered by Torbern Olof Bergman in year 1774 in Sweden. Manganese derived its name from corrupted from magnesia negra, see Magnesium
The element Praseodymium was discovered by Carl Auer von Welsbach in year 1885 in Austria. Praseodymium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek praseios didymos meaning 'green twin'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
8e-06
1e-05
0.0027
0.0011
2×10-7%
2e-07
2×10-7%
1×10-7%
9.8×10-6%
8.6e-06
6×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

161 pm
7.3544911646586 cm3
139 pm
N/A
13.3
manganese Spectrum
891.25, 891.25, 891.25 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I_ 43m
217

Body Centered Cubic

manganese Crystal Structure
247 pm
21.221031626506 cm3
N/A
N/A
11.4
praseodymium Spectrum
367.25, 367.25, 1183.54 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

praseodymium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
25
25
25
54.938049
29.938049
2, 8, 13, 2
[Ar] 3d5 4s2
3d5 4s2
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7
6S5/2
manganese Shells
59
59
59
140.90765
81.90765
2, 8, 18, 21, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f3 6s2
4f3 6s2
 2;3;4;5
4I9/2
praseodymium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
55Mn.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
141Pr.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.55
0 kJ/mol
717.3, 1509, 3248, 4940, 6990, 9220, 1.15×104, 18770, 2.14×104, 23960, 27590, 30330, 33150, 38880, 41987, 109480, 1.181×105, 1.271×105, 1.386×105, 1.485×105, 1.586×105 kJ/mol
4
1.13
50 kJ/mol
527, 1020, 2086, 3761, 5551 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.47 g/cm3
7.3544911646586

 

198 GPa
N/A
120 GPa
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
196 MPa

 

6.2×105 S/m
1.6×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

7.8 W/(m K)
0.0000217 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.21×10-7
6.6475×10-9
0.00090387

 

N/A

 

5150 m/s
6.64 g/cm3
21.221031626506

 

37 GPa
15 GPa
29 GPa
0.28


 

N/A
400 MPa
481 MPa

 

1.4×106 S/m
7×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

13 W/(m K)
6.7×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
4.23×10-7
5.9604×10-8
0.0028087

 

N/A

 

2280 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1246 °C
2061 °C
N/A
N/A

 

13.2 kJ/mol
220 kJ/mol
N/A
931 °C
3290 °C
N/A
N/A

 

6.9 kJ/mol
330 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-96-5
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-10-0
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A