;

Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Lithium vs Ytterbium

Compare Lithium and Ytterbium

Compare Lithium and Ytterbium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Lithium vs Ytterbium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Li vs Yb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Lithium
3
Li
6.941
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
2
s
[He] 2s1
180.54 °C
1342 °C
2, 1
CAS7439-93-2
Neighborhood Elements of Lithium
Ytterbium
70
Yb
173.04
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f14 6s2
819 °C
1196 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
CAS7440-64-4
Neighborhood Elements of Ytterbium

History

History
The element Lithium was discovered by Johan August Arfwedson in year 1817 in Sweden. Lithium derived its name from the Greek word lithos, meaning 'stone'
The element Ytterbium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in year 1878 in Switzerland. Ytterbium derived its name derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-7%
6×10-9%
1.7e-06
1.7e-05
1.8e-07
3×10-6%
2×10-7%
1×10-7%
1.8e-07
2.8e-06
8×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

167 pm
12.973831775701 cm3
134 pm
182 pm
0.045
lithium Spectrum
351, 351, 351 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

lithium Crystal Structure
222 pm
26.337899543379 cm3
N/A
N/A
35
ytterbium Spectrum
548.47, 548.47, 548.47 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

ytterbium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
3
3
3
6.941
3.941
2, 1
[He] 2s1
2s1
 1
2S1/2
lithium Shells
70
70
70
173.04
103.04
2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f14 6s2
4f14 6s2
 2;3
1S0
ytterbium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
6Li, 7Li.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
168Yb, 170Yb, 171Yb, 172Yb, 173Yb, 174Yb, 176Yb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.98
59.6 kJ/mol
520.2, 7298.1, 11815 kJ/mol
3
N/A
50 kJ/mol
603.4, 1174.8, 2417, 4203 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.535 g/cm3
12.973831775701

 

4.9 GPa
4.2 GPa
11 GPa
N/A


 

0.6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1.1×107 S/m
9.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

85 W/(m K)
0.000046 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.56×10-8
1.78×10-10
1.37×10-6

 

N/A

 

6×103 m/s
6.57 g/cm3
26.337899543379

 

24 GPa
9.9 GPa
31 GPa
0.21


 

N/A
206 MPa
343 MPa

 

3.6×106 S/m
2.8×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

39 W/(m K)
0.0000263 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
5.9×10-9
1.02×10-9
3.88e-05

 

N/A

 

1590 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

180.54 °C
1342 °C
3223 K
N/A

 

3 kJ/mol
147 kJ/mol
-298 J/(kg K)
819 °C
1196 °C
N/A
N/A

 

7.7 kJ/mol
160 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-93-2
RTECSOJ5540000
4.3
1415
N/A
2
Water Reactive
3
2

 

179 °C
N/A
CAS7440-64-4
RTECSZG1925000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A