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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Lithium vs Plutonium

Compare Lithium and Plutonium

Compare Lithium and Plutonium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Lithium vs Plutonium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Li vs Pu on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Lithium
3
Li
6.941
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
2
s
[He] 2s1
180.54 °C
1342 °C
2, 1
CAS7439-93-2
Neighborhood Elements of Lithium
Plutonium
94
Pu
244
Solid
Silver
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f6 7s2
640 °C
3230 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
CAS7440-07-5
Neighborhood Elements of Plutonium

History

History
The element Lithium was discovered by Johan August Arfwedson in year 1817 in Sweden. Lithium derived its name from the Greek word lithos, meaning 'stone'
The element Plutonium was discovered by Glenn T. Seaborg in year 1940 in United States. Plutonium derived its name derived its name from from Pluto, a dwarf planet in the Solar System (then considered the ninth planet)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-7%
6×10-9%
1.7e-06
1.7e-05
1.8e-07
3×10-6%
N/A
None
None
None
None
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

167 pm
12.973831775701 cm3
134 pm
182 pm
0.045
lithium Spectrum
351, 351, 351 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

lithium Crystal Structure
175 pm
12.313282196205 cm3
N/A
N/A
1.7
plutonium Spectrum
618.3, 482.2, 1096.3 pm
π/2, 1.776571, π/2
P121/m1
11

Simple Monoclinic

plutonium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
3
3
3
6.941
3.941
2, 1
[He] 2s1
2s1
 1
2S1/2
lithium Shells
94
94
94
244
150
2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
[Rn] 5f6 7s2
5f6 7s2
 2;3;4;5;6;7
7F0
plutonium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
6Li, 7Li.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.98
59.6 kJ/mol
520.2, 7298.1, 11815 kJ/mol
6
1.28
N/A
584.7 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.535 g/cm3
12.973831775701

 

4.9 GPa
4.2 GPa
11 GPa
N/A


 

0.6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1.1×107 S/m
9.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

85 W/(m K)
0.000046 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.56×10-8
1.78×10-10
1.37×10-6

 

N/A

 

6×103 m/s
19.816 g/cm3
12.313282196205

 

96 GPa
43 GPa
N/A
0.21


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

6.7×105 S/m
1.5×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

6 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
3.17×10-8
7.735×10-9
0.0006282

 

N/A

 

2260 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

180.54 °C
1342 °C
3223 K
N/A

 

3 kJ/mol
147 kJ/mol
-298 J/(kg K)
640 °C
3230 °C
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
325 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-93-2
RTECSOJ5540000
4.3
1415
N/A
2
Water Reactive
3
2

 

179 °C
N/A
CAS7440-07-5
N/A
N/A
N/A
EU231-117-7
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A