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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Lithium vs Berkelium

Compare Lithium and Berkelium

Compare Lithium and Berkelium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Lithium vs Berkelium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Li vs Bk on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Lithium
3
Li
6.941
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
2
s
[He] 2s1
180.54 °C
1342 °C
2, 1
CAS7439-93-2
Neighborhood Elements of Lithium
Berkelium
97
Bk
247
Solid
N/A
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f9 7s2
1050 °C
N/A
2, 8, 18, 32, 27, 8, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Berkelium

History

History
The element Lithium was discovered by Johan August Arfwedson in year 1817 in Sweden. Lithium derived its name from the Greek word lithos, meaning 'stone'
The element Berkelium was discovered by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in year 1949 in United States. Berkelium derived its name derived its name from from Berkeley, California, where the element was first synthesized, by analogy with terbium

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-7%
6×10-9%
1.7e-06
1.7e-05
1.8e-07
3×10-6%
N/A
None
None
None
None
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

167 pm
12.973831775701 cm3
134 pm
182 pm
0.045
lithium Spectrum
351, 351, 351 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

lithium Crystal Structure
N/A
16.711772665765 cm3
N/A
N/A
710
berkelium Spectrum
341.6, 341.6, 1106.9 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

berkelium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
3
3
3
6.941
3.941
2, 1
[He] 2s1
2s1
 1
2S1/2
lithium Shells
97
97
97
247
150
2, 8, 18, 32, 27, 8, 2
[Rn] 5f9 7s2
5f9 7s2
 3;4
6H15/2
berkelium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
6Li, 7Li.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.98
59.6 kJ/mol
520.2, 7298.1, 11815 kJ/mol
4
1.3
N/A
601 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.535 g/cm3
12.973831775701

 

4.9 GPa
4.2 GPa
11 GPa
N/A


 

0.6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1.1×107 S/m
9.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

85 W/(m K)
0.000046 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.56×10-8
1.78×10-10
1.37×10-6

 

N/A

 

6×103 m/s
14.78 g/cm3
16.711772665765

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

10 W/(m K)
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

180.54 °C
1342 °C
3223 K
N/A

 

3 kJ/mol
147 kJ/mol
-298 J/(kg K)
1050 °C
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
{"N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-93-2
RTECSOJ5540000
4.3
1415
N/A
2
Water Reactive
3
2

 

179 °C
N/A
CAS7440-40-6
{N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A}
"N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A