;

Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Germanium vs Titanium

Compare Germanium and Titanium

Compare Germanium and Titanium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Germanium vs Titanium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ge vs Ti on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Germanium
32
Ge
72.64
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
938.3 °C
2820 °C
2, 8, 18, 4
CAS7440-56-4
Neighborhood Elements of Germanium
Titanium
22
Ti
47.867
Solid
Silver
transition metal
4
titanium family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d2 4s2
1668 °C
3287 °C
2, 8, 10, 2
CAS7440-32-6
Neighborhood Elements of Titanium

History

History
The element Germanium was discovered by Clemens Winkler in year 1886 in Germany. Germanium derived its name from from Germania, the Latin name for Germany
The element Titanium was discovered by William Gregor in year 1791 in United Kingdom. Titanium derived its name derived its name from from Titans, the sons of the Earth goddess of Greek mythology

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2e-07
2e-07
2.1e-05
1.4e-06
6×10-9%
N/A
3e-06
4e-06
0.00054
0.0066
1×10-7%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

125 pm
13.646439977456 cm3
122 pm
N/A
2.2
germanium Spectrum
565.75, 565.75, 565.75 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

germanium Crystal Structure
176 pm
10.620590193033 cm3
136 pm
N/A
6.1
titanium Spectrum
295.08, 295.08, 468.55 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

titanium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
32
32
32
72.64
40.64
2, 8, 18, 4
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
4s2 4p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
germanium Shells
22
22
22
47.867
25.867
2, 8, 10, 2
[Ar] 3d2 4s2
3d2 4s2
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3F2
titanium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
70Ge, 72Ge, 73Ge, 74Ge.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
46Ti, 47Ti, 48Ti, 49Ti, 50Ti.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.01
119 kJ/mol
762, 1537.5, 3302.1, 4411, 9020 kJ/mol
4
1.54
7.6 kJ/mol
658.8, 1309.8, 2652.5, 4174.6, 9581, 11533, 13590, 16440, 18530, 20833, 25575, 28125, 76015, 83280, 90880, 1.007×105, 1.091×105, 1.178×105, 1.299×105, 137530, 602930 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.323 g/cm3
13.646439977456

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2×103 S/m
0.0005 m Ω
N/A

 

60 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-1.09×10-10
-7.98×10-6

 

N/A

 

5.4×103 m/s
4.507 g/cm3
10.620590193033

 

116 GPa
44 GPa
110 GPa
0.32


 

6 MPa
970 MPa
716 MPa

 

2.5×106 S/m
4×10-7 m Ω
0.4

 

22 W/(m K)
8.6×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
4.01×10-8
1.919×10-9
0.0001807

 

N/A

 

4140 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

938.3 °C
2820 °C
N/A
N/A

 

31.8 kJ/mol
334 kJ/mol
-536 J/(kg K)
1668 °C
3287 °C
N/A
0.4

 

18.7 kJ/mol
425 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-56-4
RTECSLY5200000
4.1
3089
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-32-6
N/A
4.2
2546
N/A
1
N/A
1
2

 

250 °C
N/A