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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Germanium vs Erbium

Compare Germanium and Erbium

Compare Germanium and Erbium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Germanium vs Erbium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ge vs Er on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Germanium
32
Ge
72.64
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
938.3 °C
2820 °C
2, 8, 18, 4
CAS7440-56-4
Neighborhood Elements of Germanium
Erbium
68
Er
167.259
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f12 6s2
1497 °C
2868 °C
2, 8, 18, 30, 8, 2
CAS7440-52-0
Neighborhood Elements of Erbium

History

History
The element Germanium was discovered by Clemens Winkler in year 1886 in Germany. Germanium derived its name from from Germania, the Latin name for Germany
The element Erbium was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander in year 1842 in Sweden. Erbium derived its name derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2e-07
2e-07
2.1e-05
1.4e-06
6×10-9%
N/A
2×10-7%
1×10-7%
1.8e-07
3e-06
9×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

125 pm
13.646439977456 cm3
122 pm
N/A
2.2
germanium Spectrum
565.75, 565.75, 565.75 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

germanium Crystal Structure
226 pm
18.449040370615 cm3
N/A
N/A
165
erbium Spectrum
355.88, 355.88, 558.74 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

erbium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
32
32
32
72.64
40.64
2, 8, 18, 4
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
4s2 4p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
germanium Shells
68
68
68
167.259
99.259
2, 8, 18, 30, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f12 6s2
4f12 6s2
 2;3
3H6
erbium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
70Ge, 72Ge, 73Ge, 74Ge.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
162Er, 164Er, 166Er, 167Er, 168Er, 170Er.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.01
119 kJ/mol
762, 1537.5, 3302.1, 4411, 9020 kJ/mol
3
1.24
50 kJ/mol
589.3, 1150, 2194, 4120 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.323 g/cm3
13.646439977456

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2×103 S/m
0.0005 m Ω
N/A

 

60 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-1.09×10-10
-7.98×10-6

 

N/A

 

5.4×103 m/s
9.066 g/cm3
18.449040370615

 

70 GPa
28 GPa
44 GPa
0.24


 

N/A
589 MPa
814 MPa

 

1.2×106 S/m
8.6×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

15 W/(m K)
0.0000122 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
32 K
3.77×10-6
6.30566×10-7
0.0341788

 

N/A

 

2830 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

938.3 °C
2820 °C
N/A
N/A

 

31.8 kJ/mol
334 kJ/mol
-536 J/(kg K)
1497 °C
2868 °C
N/A
N/A

 

19.9 kJ/mol
285 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-56-4
RTECSLY5200000
4.1
3089
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-52-0
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A