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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Germanium vs Dysprosium

Compare Germanium and Dysprosium

Compare Germanium and Dysprosium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Germanium vs Dysprosium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ge vs Dy on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Germanium
32
Ge
72.64
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
938.3 °C
2820 °C
2, 8, 18, 4
CAS7440-56-4
Neighborhood Elements of Germanium
Dysprosium
66
Dy
162.5
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f10 6s2
1412 °C
2567 °C
2, 8, 18, 28, 8, 2
CAS7429-91-6
Neighborhood Elements of Dysprosium

History

History
The element Germanium was discovered by Clemens Winkler in year 1886 in Germany. Germanium derived its name from from Germania, the Latin name for Germany
The element Dysprosium was discovered by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in year 1886 in France. Dysprosium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek dysprositos, meaning 'hard to get'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2e-07
2e-07
2.1e-05
1.4e-06
6×10-9%
N/A
2×10-7%
2×10-7%
2.7e-07
6.2e-06
9.1×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

125 pm
13.646439977456 cm3
122 pm
N/A
2.2
germanium Spectrum
565.75, 565.75, 565.75 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

germanium Crystal Structure
228 pm
19.003625306982 cm3
N/A
N/A
1010
dysprosium Spectrum
359.3, 359.3, 565.37 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

dysprosium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
32
32
32
72.64
40.64
2, 8, 18, 4
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
4s2 4p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
germanium Shells
66
66
66
162.5
96.5
2, 8, 18, 28, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f10 6s2
4f10 6s2
 2;3;4
5I8
dysprosium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
70Ge, 72Ge, 73Ge, 74Ge.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
156Dy, 158Dy, 160Dy, 161Dy, 162Dy, 163Dy, 164Dy.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.01
119 kJ/mol
762, 1537.5, 3302.1, 4411, 9020 kJ/mol
3
1.22
50 kJ/mol
573, 1130, 2.2×103, 3990 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.323 g/cm3
13.646439977456

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2×103 S/m
0.0005 m Ω
N/A

 

60 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-1.09×10-10
-7.98×10-6

 

N/A

 

5.4×103 m/s
8.551 g/cm3
19.003625306982

 

61 GPa
25 GPa
41 GPa
0.25


 

N/A
540 MPa
500 MPa

 

1.1×106 S/m
9.1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

11 W/(m K)
9.9×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
87 K
5.45×10-6
8.85625×10-7
0.046603

 

N/A

 

2710 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

938.3 °C
2820 °C
N/A
N/A

 

31.8 kJ/mol
334 kJ/mol
-536 J/(kg K)
1412 °C
2567 °C
N/A
N/A

 

11.1 kJ/mol
280 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-56-4
RTECSLY5200000
4.1
3089
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7429-91-6
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A