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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Gadolinium vs Oxygen

Compare Gadolinium and Oxygen

Compare Gadolinium and Oxygen on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Gadolinium vs Oxygen with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Gd vs O on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Gadolinium
64
Gd
157.25
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2
1313 °C
3250 °C
2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2
CAS7440-54-2
Neighborhood Elements of Gadolinium
Oxygen
8
O
15.9994
Gas
Colorless
other nonmetal
16
oxygen family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p4
-218.3 °C
-182.9 °C
2, 6
CAS7782-44-7
Neighborhood Elements of Oxygen

History

History
The element Gadolinium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in year 1880 in Switzerland. Gadolinium derived its name from from Johan Gadolin, chemist, physicist and mineralogist
The element Oxygen was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1774 in Sweden and United Kingdom. Oxygen derived its name derived its name from from the Greek word oxy-, both 'sharp' and 'acid', and -gen, meaning 'acid-forming'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
2×10-7%
2.3e-07
5.2e-06
7×10-11%
N/A
0.01
0.009
0.4
0.46
0.86
0.61

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

233 pm
19.902543981774 cm3
N/A
N/A
4.9×104
gadolinium Spectrum
363.6, 363.6, 578.26 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

gadolinium Crystal Structure
48 pm
11.19622113366 cm3
73 pm
152 pm
0.00028
oxygen Spectrum
540.3, 342.9, 508.6 pm
π/2, 2.313085, π/2
C12/m1
12

Base Centered Monoclinic

oxygen Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
64
64
64
157.25
93.25
2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2
[Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2
4f7 5d1 6s2
 1;2;3
9D2
gadolinium Shells
8
8
8
15.9994
7.9994
2, 6
[He] 2s2 2p4
2s2 2p4
-2;-1  1;2
3P2
oxygen Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
154Gd, 155Gd, 156Gd, 157Gd, 158Gd, 160Gd.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
16O, 17O, 18O.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.2
50 kJ/mol
593.4, 1170, 1990, 4250 kJ/mol
2
3.44
141 kJ/mol
1313.9, 3388.3, 5300.5, 7469.2, 10989.5, 13326.5, 71330, 84078 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.901 g/cm3
19.902543981774

 

55 GPa
22 GPa
38 GPa
0.26


 

N/A
570 MPa
N/A

 

7.7×105 S/m
1.3×10-6 m Ω
1.083

 

11 W/(m K)
9.4×10-6 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
292 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

2680 m/s
1.429 g/l
11.19622113366

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.02658 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.335×10-6
4.27184×10-8
1.90772×10-6

 

1.000271

 

317.5 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1313 °C
3250 °C
N/A
1.083

 

10 kJ/mol
305 kJ/mol
N/A
-218.3 °C
-182.9 °C
154.59 K
N/A

 

0.222 kJ/mol
3.41 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-54-2
RTECSLW3850000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7782-44-7
RTECSRS2060000
2.2
1073
N/A
0
Oxidizing Agent
3
2

 

N/A
N/A