;

Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Copper vs Platinum

Compare Copper and Platinum

Compare Copper and Platinum on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Copper vs Platinum with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cu vs Pt on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Copper
29
Cu
63.546
Solid
Copper
transition metal
11
copper family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d10 4s1
1084.62 °C
2927 °C
2, 8, 18, 1
CAS7440-50-8
Neighborhood Elements of Copper
Platinum
78
Pt
195.078
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
1768.3 °C
3825 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
CAS7440-06-4
Neighborhood Elements of Platinum

History

History
The element Copper was discovered by Middle East in year 8000 BC in unknown place. Copper derived its name from from English word (Latin cuprum)
The element Platinum was discovered by Antonio de Ulloa in year 1735 in Peru. Platinum derived its name derived its name from from the Spanish platina, meaning 'little silver'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-6%
7e-07
0.00011
6.8e-05
3×10-7%
1e-06
5×10-7%
9×10-7%
9.8e-07
3.7×10-6%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

145 pm
7.1239910313901 cm3
138 pm
140 pm
3.78
copper Spectrum
361.49, 361.49, 361.49 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

copper Crystal Structure
177 pm
9.249786628734 cm3
128 pm
175 pm
10
platinum Spectrum
392.42, 392.42, 392.42 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

platinum Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
29
29
29
63.546
34.546
2, 8, 18, 1
[Ar] 3d10 4s1
3d10 4s1
-2  1;2;3;4
2S1/2
copper Shells
78
78
78
195.078
117.078
2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
5d9 6s1
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
3D3
platinum Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
63Cu, 65Cu.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
192Pt, 194Pt, 195Pt, 196Pt, 198Pt.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.9
118.4 kJ/mol
745.5, 1957.9, 3555, 5536, 7.7×103, 9.9×103, 1.34×104, 1.6×104, 1.92×104, 2.24×104, 2.56×104, 3.56×104, 3.87×104, 4.2×104, 4.67×104, 5.02×104, 5.37×104, 6.11×104, 64702, 1.637×105, 1.741×105 kJ/mol
6
2.28
205.3 kJ/mol
870, 1791 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.92 g/cm3
7.1239910313901

 

130 GPa
48 GPa
140 GPa
0.34


 

3 MPa
369 MPa
874 MPa

 

5.9×107 S/m
1.7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

400 W/(m K)
0.0000165 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.08×10-9
-6.86×10-11
-9.63×10-6

 

N/A

 

3570 m/s
21.09 g/cm3
9.249786628734

 

168 GPa
61 GPa
230 GPa
0.38


 

3.5 MPa
549 MPa
392 MPa

 

9.4×106 S/m
1.1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

72 W/(m K)
8.8×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.22×10-8
2.38×10-9
0.0002573

 

N/A

 

2680 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1084.62 °C
2927 °C
N/A
N/A

 

13.1 kJ/mol
300 kJ/mol
N/A
1768.3 °C
3825 °C
N/A
N/A

 

20 kJ/mol
490 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-50-8
RTECSGL5325000
4.1
3089
N/A
1
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-06-4
RTECSTP2160000
4.1
3089
N/A
2
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
Elements of same categories