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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Copper vs Iridium

Compare Copper and Iridium

Compare Copper and Iridium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Copper vs Iridium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cu vs Ir on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Copper
29
Cu
63.546
Solid
Copper
transition metal
11
copper family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d10 4s1
1084.62 °C
2927 °C
2, 8, 18, 1
CAS7440-50-8
Neighborhood Elements of Copper
Iridium
77
Ir
192.217
Solid
Silver
transition metal
9
cobalt family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s2
2466 °C
4428 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 15, 2
CAS7439-88-5
Neighborhood Elements of Iridium

History

History
The element Copper was discovered by Middle East in year 8000 BC in unknown place. Copper derived its name from from English word (Latin cuprum)
The element Iridium was discovered by Smithson Tennant in year 1803 in France and United Kingdom. Iridium derived its name derived its name from from Iris, the Greek goddess of the rainbow

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-6%
7e-07
0.00011
6.8e-05
3×10-7%
1e-06
2×10-7%
2×10-7%
5.4e-07
4×10-8%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

145 pm
7.1239910313901 cm3
138 pm
140 pm
3.78
copper Spectrum
361.49, 361.49, 361.49 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

copper Crystal Structure
180 pm
8.5202570921986 cm3
137 pm
N/A
425
iridium Spectrum
383.9, 383.9, 383.9 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

iridium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
29
29
29
63.546
34.546
2, 8, 18, 1
[Ar] 3d10 4s1
3d10 4s1
-2  1;2;3;4
2S1/2
copper Shells
77
77
77
192.217
115.217
2, 8, 18, 32, 15, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s2
5d7 6s2
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8;9
4F9/2
iridium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
63Cu, 65Cu.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
191Ir, 193Ir.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.9
118.4 kJ/mol
745.5, 1957.9, 3555, 5536, 7.7×103, 9.9×103, 1.34×104, 1.6×104, 1.92×104, 2.24×104, 2.56×104, 3.56×104, 3.87×104, 4.2×104, 4.67×104, 5.02×104, 5.37×104, 6.11×104, 64702, 1.637×105, 1.741×105 kJ/mol
6
2.2
151 kJ/mol
880, 1.6×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.92 g/cm3
7.1239910313901

 

130 GPa
48 GPa
140 GPa
0.34


 

3 MPa
369 MPa
874 MPa

 

5.9×107 S/m
1.7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

400 W/(m K)
0.0000165 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.08×10-9
-6.86×10-11
-9.63×10-6

 

N/A

 

3570 m/s
22.56 g/cm3
8.5202570921986

 

528 GPa
210 GPa
320 GPa
0.26


 

6.5 MPa
1760 MPa
1670 MPa

 

2.1×107 S/m
4.7×10-8 m Ω
0.11

 

150 W/(m K)
6.4×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.67×10-9
3.21×10-10
3.77e-05

 

N/A

 

4825 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1084.62 °C
2927 °C
N/A
N/A

 

13.1 kJ/mol
300 kJ/mol
N/A
2466 °C
4428 °C
N/A
0.11

 

26 kJ/mol
560 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-50-8
RTECSGL5325000
4.1
3089
N/A
1
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-88-5
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
Elements of same categories