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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Chromium vs Neon

Compare Chromium and Neon

Compare Chromium and Neon on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Chromium vs Neon with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cr vs Ne on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Chromium
24
Cr
51.9961
Solid
Silver
transition metal
6
chromium family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d5 4s1
1907 °C
2671 °C
2, 8, 13, 1
CAS7440-47-3
Neighborhood Elements of Chromium
Neon
10
Ne
20.1797
Gas
Colorless
noble gas
18
helium family or neon family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p6
-248.59 °C
-246.08 °C
2, 8
CAS7440-01-9
Neighborhood Elements of Neon

History

History
The element Chromium was discovered by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in year 1797 in France. Chromium derived its name from from the Greek word chroma, meaning 'color'
The element Neon was discovered by Morris Travers in year 1898 in United Kingdom. Neon derived its name derived its name from from the Greek neos, meaning 'new'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1.5e-05
2e-05
0.003
0.00014
6×10-8%
3×10-6%
0.0013
0.001
N/A
3×10-7%
1.2×10-8%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

166 pm
7.2823669467787 cm3
127 pm
N/A
3.1
chromium Spectrum
291, 291, 291 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

chromium Crystal Structure
38 pm
22.421888888889 cm3
69 pm
154 pm
0.04
neon Spectrum
442.9, 442.9, 442.9 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

neon Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
24
24
24
51.9961
27.9961
2, 8, 13, 1
[Ar] 3d5 4s1
3d5 4s1
-4;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
7S3
chromium Shells
10
10
10
20.1797
10.1797
2, 8
[He] 2s2 2p6
2s2 2p6
 
1S0
neon Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
50Cr, 52Cr, 53Cr, 54Cr.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
20Ne, 21Ne, 22Ne.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

6
1.66
64.3 kJ/mol
652.9, 1590.6, 2987, 4743, 6702, 8744.9, 15455, 17820, 20190, 23580, 26130, 28750, 34230, 37066, 97510, 1.058×105, 1.143×105, 1.253×105, 1.347×105, 1.443×105, 1.577×105 kJ/mol
0
N/A
0 kJ/mol
2080.7, 3952.3, 6122, 9371, 12177, 15238, 19999, 23069.5, 115379.5, 131432 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.14 g/cm3
7.2823669467787

 

279 GPa
115 GPa
160 GPa
0.21


 

8.5 MPa
1060 MPa
1120 MPa

 

7.9×106 S/m
1.3×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

94 W/(m K)
4.9×10-6 K-1

 

Antiferromagnetic
N/A
4.45×10-8
2.314×10-9
0.0003177

 

N/A

 

5940 m/s
0.9 g/l
22.421888888889

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.0491 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-4.1×10-9
-8.27×10-11
-3.69×10-9

 

1.000067

 

936 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1907 °C
2671 °C
N/A
N/A

 

20.5 kJ/mol
339 kJ/mol
N/A
-248.59 °C
-246.08 °C
44.4 K
N/A

 

0.34 kJ/mol
1.75 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-47-3
RTECSGB4200000
4.1
3089
N/A
1
N/A
2
1

 

400 °C
N/A
CAS7440-01-9
RTECSQP4450000
2.2
1913
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A