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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Chlorine vs Gold

Compare Chlorine and Gold

Compare Chlorine and Gold on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Chlorine vs Gold with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Cl vs Au on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Chlorine
17
Cl
35.453
Gas
Yellow
halogens
17
fluorine family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p5
-101.5 °C
-34.04 °C
2, 8, 7
CAS7782-50-5
Neighborhood Elements of Chlorine
Gold
79
Au
196.96655
Solid
Gold
transition metal
11
copper family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
1064.18 °C
2856 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
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Neighborhood Elements of Gold

History

History
The element Chlorine was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1774 in Sweden. Chlorine derived its name from from the Greek word chloros, meaning 'greenish yellow'
The element Gold was discovered by Middle East in year 2500 BC in unknown place. Gold derived its name derived its name from from English word (aurum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1e-06
8e-06
0.00037
0.00017
0.02
0.0012
6×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.7e-07
3.1×10-7%
5×10-9%
1e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

79 pm
11.030802738021 cm3
99 pm
175 pm
35.3
chlorine Spectrum
622.35, 445.61, 817.85 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Cmca
64

Base Centered Orthorhombic

chlorine Crystal Structure
174 pm
10.205520725389 cm3
144 pm
166 pm
98.7
gold Spectrum
407.82, 407.82, 407.82 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

gold Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
17
17
17
35.453
18.453
2, 8, 7
[Ne] 3s2 3p5
3s2 3p5
-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7
2P3/2
chlorine Shells
79
79
79
196.96655
117.96655
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
5d10 6s1
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;5
2S1/2
gold Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
35Cl, 37Cl.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
197Au.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
3.16
349 kJ/mol
1251.2, 2298, 3822, 5158.6, 6542, 9362, 11018, 33604, 3.86×104, 43961 kJ/mol
5
2.54
222.8 kJ/mol
890.1, 1980 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

3.214 g/l
11.030802738021

 

N/A
N/A
1.1 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.01 S/m
100 m Ω
N/A

 

0.0089 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-7.2×10-9
-5.11×10-10
-2.31×10-8

 

1.000773

 

206 m/s
19.3 g/cm3
10.205520725389

 

78 GPa
27 GPa
220 GPa
0.44


 

2.5 MPa
216 MPa
2450 MPa

 

4.5×107 S/m
2.2×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

320 W/(m K)
0.0000142 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.78×10-9
-3.51×10-10
-3.44e-05

 

N/A

 

1740 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-101.5 °C
-34.04 °C
416.9 K
N/A

 

3.2 kJ/mol
10.2 kJ/mol
N/A
1064.18 °C
2856 °C
N/A
N/A

 

12.5 kJ/mol
330 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7782-50-5
RTECSFO2100000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-57-5
RTECSMD5070000
N/A
N/A
N/A
0
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A