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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Cerium vs Niobium

Compare Cerium and Niobium

Compare Cerium and Niobium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Cerium vs Niobium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ce vs Nb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Cerium
58
Ce
140.116
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f1 5d1 6s2
798 °C
3360 °C
2, 8, 18, 19, 9, 2
CAS7440-45-1
Neighborhood Elements of Cerium
Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
CAS7440-03-1
Neighborhood Elements of Niobium

History

History
The element Cerium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in year 1803 in Germany and Sweden. Cerium derived its name from from the then recently discovered asteroid Ceres, considered a planet at the time
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-6%
4×10-7%
7.5e-07
6e-05
1.2×10-10%
N/A
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

185 pm
20.947226790253 cm3
N/A
N/A
0.6
cerium Spectrum
362, 362, 599 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

cerium Crystal Structure
198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
58
58
58
140.116
82.116
2, 8, 18, 19, 9, 2
[Xe] 4f1 5d1 6s2
4f1 5d1 6s2
 2;3;4
1G4
cerium Shells
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
136Ce, 138Ce, 140Ce, 142Ce.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.12
50 kJ/mol
534.4, 1050, 1949, 3547, 6325, 7490 kJ/mol
5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

6.689 g/cm3
20.947226790253

 

34 GPa
14 GPa
22 GPa
0.24


 

2.5 MPa
270 MPa
412 MPa

 

1.4×106 S/m
7.4×10-7 m Ω
0.022

 

11 W/(m K)
6.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.2×10-7
3.0826×10-8
0.0014716

 

N/A

 

2.1×103 m/s
8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

798 °C
3360 °C
N/A
0.022

 

5.5 kJ/mol
350 kJ/mol
N/A
2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-45-1
N/A
4.1
1333
N/A
3
N/A
2
2

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A