;

Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Carbon vs Indium

Compare Carbon and Indium

Compare Carbon and Indium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Carbon vs Indium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare C vs In on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Carbon
6
C
12.0107
Solid
Black
other nonmetal
14
carbon family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p2
3550 °C
4027 °C
2, 4
CAS7440-44-0
Neighborhood Elements of Carbon
Indium
49
In
114.818
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
13
boron family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1
156.6 °C
2072 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 3
CAS7440-74-6
Neighborhood Elements of Indium

History

History
The element Carbon was discovered by Ancient Egypt in year N/A in unknown place. Carbon derived its name from the Latin word carbo, meaning 'coal'
The element Indium was discovered by Ferdinand Reich in year 1863 in Germany. Indium derived its name derived its name from from indigo

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.005
0.003
0.015
0.0018
2.8e-05
0.23
3×10-8%
4×10-7%
4.4×10-6%
1.6e-07
1×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

67 pm
5.3144690265487 cm3
77 pm
170 pm
0.0035
carbon Spectrum
246.4, 246.4, 671.1 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

carbon Crystal Structure
156 pm
15.706976744186 cm3
144 pm
193 pm
194
indium Spectrum
325.23, 325.23, 494.61 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I4/mmm
139

Centered Tetragonal

indium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
6
6
6
12.0107
6.0107
2, 4
[He] 2s2 2p2
2s2 2p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
carbon Shells
49
49
49
114.818
65.818
2, 8, 18, 18, 3
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1
5s2 5p1
-5;-2;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
indium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
12C, 13C.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
113In.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.55
153.9 kJ/mol
1086.5, 2352.6, 4620.5, 6222.7, 37831, 47277 kJ/mol
3
1.78
28.9 kJ/mol
558.3, 1820.7, 2704, 5210 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.26 g/cm3
5.3144690265487

 

N/A
N/A
33 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×105 S/m
1×10-5 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
7.1×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-7.45×10-11
-1.4e-05

 

2.417

 

18350 m/s
7.31 g/cm3
15.706976744186

 

11 GPa
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

1.2 MPa
N/A
8.83 MPa

 

1.2×107 S/m
8×10-8 m Ω
3.41

 

82 W/(m K)
0.0000321 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.4×10-9
-1.61×10-10
-1.02e-05

 

N/A

 

1215 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

3550 °C
4027 °C
N/A
N/A

 

105 kJ/mol
715 kJ/mol
{"N/A", -393., "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
156.6 °C
2072 °C
N/A
3.41

 

3.26 kJ/mol
230 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-44-0
{RTECSHL4158550, RTECSFF5250100, RTECSMD9659600, N/A}
{N/A, 4.2, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", {1361}, "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 1, N/A, 1}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, N/A, 1}
{N/A, 0, N/A, 0}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-74-6
RTECSNL1050000
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A