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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Carbon vs Gadolinium

Compare Carbon and Gadolinium

Compare Carbon and Gadolinium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Carbon vs Gadolinium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare C vs Gd on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Carbon
6
C
12.0107
Solid
Black
other nonmetal
14
carbon family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p2
3550 °C
4027 °C
2, 4
CAS7440-44-0
Neighborhood Elements of Carbon
Gadolinium
64
Gd
157.25
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2
1313 °C
3250 °C
2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Gadolinium

History

History
The element Carbon was discovered by Ancient Egypt in year N/A in unknown place. Carbon derived its name from the Latin word carbo, meaning 'coal'
The element Gadolinium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in year 1880 in Switzerland. Gadolinium derived its name derived its name from from Johan Gadolin, chemist, physicist and mineralogist

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.005
0.003
0.015
0.0018
2.8e-05
0.23
2×10-7%
2×10-7%
2.3e-07
5.2e-06
7×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

67 pm
5.3144690265487 cm3
77 pm
170 pm
0.0035
carbon Spectrum
246.4, 246.4, 671.1 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

carbon Crystal Structure
233 pm
19.902543981774 cm3
N/A
N/A
4.9×104
gadolinium Spectrum
363.6, 363.6, 578.26 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

gadolinium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
6
6
6
12.0107
6.0107
2, 4
[He] 2s2 2p2
2s2 2p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
carbon Shells
64
64
64
157.25
93.25
2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2
[Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2
4f7 5d1 6s2
 1;2;3
9D2
gadolinium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
12C, 13C.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
154Gd, 155Gd, 156Gd, 157Gd, 158Gd, 160Gd.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.55
153.9 kJ/mol
1086.5, 2352.6, 4620.5, 6222.7, 37831, 47277 kJ/mol
3
1.2
50 kJ/mol
593.4, 1170, 1990, 4250 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.26 g/cm3
5.3144690265487

 

N/A
N/A
33 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×105 S/m
1×10-5 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
7.1×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-7.45×10-11
-1.4e-05

 

2.417

 

18350 m/s
7.901 g/cm3
19.902543981774

 

55 GPa
22 GPa
38 GPa
0.26


 

N/A
570 MPa
N/A

 

7.7×105 S/m
1.3×10-6 m Ω
1.083

 

11 W/(m K)
9.4×10-6 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
292 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

2680 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

3550 °C
4027 °C
N/A
N/A

 

105 kJ/mol
715 kJ/mol
{"N/A", -393., "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
1313 °C
3250 °C
N/A
1.083

 

10 kJ/mol
305 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-44-0
{RTECSHL4158550, RTECSFF5250100, RTECSMD9659600, N/A}
{N/A, 4.2, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", {1361}, "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 1, N/A, 1}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, N/A, 1}
{N/A, 0, N/A, 0}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-54-2
RTECSLW3850000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A