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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Boron vs Gold

Compare Boron and Gold

Compare Boron and Gold on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Boron vs Gold with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare B vs Au on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Boron
5
B
10.811
Solid
Black
metalloid
13
boron family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p1
2075 °C
4000 °C
2, 3
CAS7440-42-8
Neighborhood Elements of Boron
Gold
79
Au
196.96655
Solid
Gold
transition metal
11
copper family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
1064.18 °C
2856 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
CAS7440-57-5
Neighborhood Elements of Gold

History

History
The element Boron was discovered by Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac in year 1808 in France and United Kingdom. Boron derived its name from from borax, a mineral
The element Gold was discovered by Middle East in year 2500 BC in unknown place. Gold derived its name derived its name from from English word (aurum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-7%
2×10-7%
1.6e-06
8.6e-06
4.4e-06
7e-07
6×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.7e-07
3.1×10-7%
5×10-9%
1e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

87 pm
4.3947154471545 cm3
82 pm
N/A
755
boron Spectrum
506, 506, 506 pm
1.01334, 1.01334, 1.01334
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

boron Crystal Structure
174 pm
10.205520725389 cm3
144 pm
166 pm
98.7
gold Spectrum
407.82, 407.82, 407.82 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

gold Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
5
5
5
10.811
5.811
2, 3
[He] 2s2 2p1
2s2 2p1
-5;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
boron Shells
79
79
79
196.96655
117.96655
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
5d10 6s1
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;5
2S1/2
gold Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
10B, 11B.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
197Au.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
2.04
26.7 kJ/mol
800.6, 2427.1, 3659.7, 25025.8, 32826.7 kJ/mol
5
2.54
222.8 kJ/mol
890.1, 1980 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.46 g/cm3
4.3947154471545

 

N/A
N/A
320 GPa
N/A


 

9.3 MPa
4.9×104 MPa
N/A

 

0.0001 S/m
10000 m Ω
N/A

 

27 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-8.7×10-9
-9.41×10-11
-2.14e-05

 

N/A

 

1.62×104 m/s
19.3 g/cm3
10.205520725389

 

78 GPa
27 GPa
220 GPa
0.44


 

2.5 MPa
216 MPa
2450 MPa

 

4.5×107 S/m
2.2×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

320 W/(m K)
0.0000142 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.78×10-9
-3.51×10-10
-3.44e-05

 

N/A

 

1740 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2075 °C
4000 °C
N/A
N/A

 

50 kJ/mol
507 kJ/mol
N/A
1064.18 °C
2856 °C
N/A
N/A

 

12.5 kJ/mol
330 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-42-8
RTECSED7350000
N/A
N/A
N/A
3
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-57-5
RTECSMD5070000
N/A
N/A
N/A
0
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A