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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Bismuth vs Tin

Compare Bismuth and Tin

Compare Bismuth and Tin on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Bismuth vs Tin with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Bi vs Sn on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Bismuth
83
Bi
208.98038
Solid
Gray
post-transition metal
15
nitrogen family 
6
p
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
271.3 °C
1564 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
CAS7440-69-9
Neighborhood Elements of Bismuth
Tin
50
Sn
118.71
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
14
carbon family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
231.93 °C
2602 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 4
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Neighborhood Elements of Tin

History

History
The element Bismuth was discovered by Claude François Geoffroy in year 1400 in unknown place. Bismuth derived its name from from German word, now obsolete
The element Tin was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Tin derived its name derived its name from from English word (stannum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
7×10-8%
1×10-6%
6.9×10-6%
2.5×10-6%
2×10-9%
N/A
4×10-7%
9×10-7%
1.2e-06
2.2e-06
1×10-9%
2e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

143 pm
21.368137014315 cm3
146 pm
N/A
0.034
bismuth Spectrum
667.4, 611.7, 330.4 pm
π/2, 1.925622, π/2
C12/m1
12

Base Centered Monoclinic

bismuth Crystal Structure
145 pm
16.239398084815 cm3
141 pm
217 pm
0.63
tin Spectrum
583.18, 583.18, 318.19 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I41/amd
141

Centered Tetragonal

tin Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
83
83
83
208.98038
125.98038
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
6s2 6p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
bismuth Shells
50
50
50
118.71
68.71
2, 8, 18, 18, 4
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
5s2 5p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
tin Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
112Sn, 114Sn, 115Sn, 116Sn, 117Sn, 118Sn, 119Sn, 120Sn, 122Sn, 124Sn.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.02
91.2 kJ/mol
703, 1610, 2466, 4370, 5.4×103, 8520 kJ/mol
4
1.96
107.3 kJ/mol
708.6, 1411.8, 2943, 3930.3, 7456 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

9.78 g/cm3
21.368137014315

 

32 GPa
12 GPa
31 GPa
0.33


 

2.25 MPa
N/A
94.2 MPa

 

7.7×105 S/m
1.3×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

8 W/(m K)
0.0000134 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.7×10-8
-3.6×10-9
-0.00017

 

N/A

 

1790 m/s
7.31 g/cm3
16.239398084815

 

50 GPa
18 GPa
58 GPa
0.36


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
51 MPa

 

9.1×106 S/m
1.1×10-7 m Ω
3.72

 

67 W/(m K)
0.000022 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-3.1×10-9
-3.68×10-10
-2.27e-05

 

N/A

 

2.5×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

271.3 °C
1564 °C
N/A
N/A

 

10.9 kJ/mol
160 kJ/mol
N/A
231.93 °C
2602 °C
N/A
3.72

 

7 kJ/mol
290 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-69-9
RTECSEB2600000
6.1
3080
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-31-5
{N/A, RTECSXP7320000}
{N/A, N/A}
"N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 3}
N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 1}
{N/A, 3}

 

N/A
N/A