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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Aluminium vs Lanthanum

Compare Aluminium and Lanthanum

Compare Aluminium and Lanthanum on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Aluminium vs Lanthanum with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Al vs La on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Aluminium
13
Al
26.981538
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
13
boron family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p1
660.32 °C
2519 °C
2, 8, 3
CAS7429-90-5
Neighborhood Elements of Aluminium
Lanthanum
57
La
138.9055
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 5d1 6s2
920 °C
3464 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 9, 2
CAS7439-91-0
Neighborhood Elements of Lanthanum

History

History
The element Aluminium was discovered by in year 1825 in Denmark. Aluminium derived its name from from alumina, a compound (originally aluminum)
The element Lanthanum was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander in year 1839 in Sweden. Lanthanum derived its name derived its name from from the Greek lanthanein, meaning 'to lie hidden'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
5e-05
6e-05
0.0091
0.081
5×10-7%
9e-07
2×10-7%
2×10-7%
2.8e-07
3.4e-05
3.4×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

118 pm
9.9931622222222 cm3
118 pm
N/A
0.233
aluminium Spectrum
404.95, 404.95, 404.95 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

aluminium Crystal Structure
195 pm
22.600959973967 cm3
169 pm
N/A
8.98
lanthanum Spectrum
377.2, 377.2, 1214.4 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

lanthanum Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
13
13
13
26.981538
13.981538
2, 8, 3
[Ne] 3s2 3p1
3s2 3p1
-2;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
aluminium Shells
57
57
57
138.9055
81.9055
2, 8, 18, 18, 9, 2
[Xe] 5d1 6s2
5d1 6s2
 1;2;3
2D3/2
lanthanum Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
27Al.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
139La.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.61
42.5 kJ/mol
577.5, 1816.7, 2744.8, 11577, 14842, 18379, 23326, 27465, 31853, 38473 kJ/mol
3
1.1
48 kJ/mol
538.1, 1067, 1850.3, 4819, 5940 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.7 g/cm3
9.9931622222222

 

70 GPa
26 GPa
76 GPa
0.35


 

2.75 MPa
167 MPa
245 MPa

 

3.8×107 S/m
2.6×10-8 m Ω
1.175

 

235 W/(m K)
0.0000231 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
7.8×10-9
2.1×10-10
2.11e-05

 

N/A

 

5.1×103 m/s
6.146 g/cm3
22.600959973967

 

37 GPa
14 GPa
28 GPa
0.28


 

2.5 MPa
491 MPa
363 MPa

 

1.6×106 S/m
6.1×10-7 m Ω
4.88

 

13 W/(m K)
0.0000121 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.1×10-8
1.528×10-9
6.761e-05

 

N/A

 

2475 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

660.32 °C
2519 °C
N/A
1.175

 

10.7 kJ/mol
293 kJ/mol
N/A
920 °C
3464 °C
N/A
4.88

 

6.2 kJ/mol
400 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7429-90-5
RTECSBD0330000
4.3
1396
N/A
1
N/A
0
1

 

400 °C
645 °C
CAS7439-91-0
N/A
4.1
3178
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A