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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Aluminium vs Hydrogen

Compare Aluminium and Hydrogen

Compare Aluminium and Hydrogen on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Aluminium vs Hydrogen with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Al vs H on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Aluminium
13
Al
26.981538
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
13
boron family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p1
660.32 °C
2519 °C
2, 8, 3
CAS7429-90-5
Neighborhood Elements of Aluminium
Hydrogen
1
H
1.00794
Gas
Colorless
other nonmetal
1
lithium family 
1
s
1s1
-259.14 °C
-252.87 °C
1
CAS1333-74-0
Neighborhood Elements of Hydrogen

History

History
The element Aluminium was discovered by in year 1825 in Denmark. Aluminium derived its name from from alumina, a compound (originally aluminum)
The element Hydrogen was discovered by Henry Cavendish in year 1766 in United Kingdom. Hydrogen derived its name derived its name from from the Greek elements hydro- and -gen meaning 'water-forming'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
5e-05
6e-05
0.0091
0.081
5×10-7%
9e-07
0.75
0.75
0.024
0.0015
0.11
0.1

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

118 pm
9.9931622222222 cm3
118 pm
N/A
0.233
aluminium Spectrum
404.95, 404.95, 404.95 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

aluminium Crystal Structure
53 pm
11.211790878754 cm3
37 pm
120 pm
0.332
hydrogen Spectrum
470 pm, 470 pm, 340 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

hydrogen Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
13
13
13
26.981538
13.981538
2, 8, 3
[Ne] 3s2 3p1
3s2 3p1
-2;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
aluminium Shells
1
1
1
1.00794
0.0079400000000001
1
1s1
1s1
-1  1
2S1/2
hydrogen Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
27Al.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
1H, 2H.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.61
42.5 kJ/mol
577.5, 1816.7, 2744.8, 11577, 14842, 18379, 23326, 27465, 31853, 38473 kJ/mol
1
2.2
72.8 kJ/mol
1312 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.7 g/cm3
9.9931622222222

 

70 GPa
26 GPa
76 GPa
0.35


 

2.75 MPa
167 MPa
245 MPa

 

3.8×107 S/m
2.6×10-8 m Ω
1.175

 

235 W/(m K)
0.0000231 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
7.8×10-9
2.1×10-10
2.11e-05

 

N/A

 

5.1×103 m/s
0.0899 g/l
11.211790878754

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.1805 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.48×10-8
-4.999×10-11
-2.23×10-9

 

1.000132

 

1270 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

660.32 °C
2519 °C
N/A
1.175

 

10.7 kJ/mol
293 kJ/mol
N/A
-259.14 °C
-252.87 °C
32.97 K
N/A

 

0.558 kJ/mol
0.452 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7429-90-5
RTECSBD0330000
4.3
1396
N/A
1
N/A
0
1

 

400 °C
645 °C
CAS1333-74-0
RTECSMW8900000
2.1
1966
N/A
4
N/A
3
0

 

535.5 °C
-18 °C